中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 505-507.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-05-21

• 临床研究与分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

8~12岁哈萨克族儿童气质与儿童行为问题状况的关系

杨庚林1, 古力巴克然木·阿布拉2, 维娜·艾山拜1, 买力开木·阿不都克力木1   

  1. 1 乌鲁木齐市第四人民医院,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000;
    2 新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-29 出版日期:2017-05-10 发布日期:2017-05-10
  • 作者简介:杨庚林(1979-),男,新疆人,主治医师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为精神病性跨文化研究。
  • 基金资助:
    乌鲁木齐市卫生局科学技术计划项目(201301)

A relationship study of the temperament and the behavior problems in 8~12 ages Kazakand children

YANG Geng-lin1, Gulibakeranmu·abudula2, Weina·aishanbai1, Mailikaimu·abudukelimu1   

  1. 1 The Fourth People's Hospital of Urumqi,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830000,China;
    2 The People's Hospital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830000,China
  • Received:2016-08-29 Online:2017-05-10 Published:2017-05-10

摘要: 目的 分析哈萨克族儿童气质与儿童行为问题的关系。方法 采用随机抽样方法对乌鲁木齐市两所哈语言小学中年龄为8~12岁的295名哈萨克族(简称:哈族)儿童,应用中国8~12岁学龄儿童气质问卷(MCTQ)、Conners儿童行为问卷(父母症状问卷,1978)进行评定。结果 1)儿童气质类型分布男女比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。2)活动水平、趋避性、情绪本质评分男童大于女童,坚持性评分女童大于男童,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),其余维度比较差异均无统计学意义。3)品行问题、学习问题、多动指数评分男童大于女童,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),其余维度比较差异均无统计学意义。4)有行为问题的儿童,在儿童气质分布上比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 在哈萨克族儿童中不同性别儿童气质特征与行为问题表现有所不同,儿童行为问题的发生与气质类型有关。

关键词: 气质, 行为问题, 哈萨克族, 儿童

Abstract: Objective To investigate the relationship between the temperament and the behavior problems in 8~12 ages Kazakand children. Method sA total of 295 Kazakand children aged 8~12 years old from two primary schools in Urumqi were randomly sampled.All students were assessed using "Middle Childhood Temperament Questionnaire(MCTQ)" and "Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire ( PSQ )". Results 1)There was no significant difference in the gender distribution of children's temperament type (P>0.05).2)The boys got higher scores on activity,emotional nature and hasten factors of MCTQ(P<0.05).And the girls got higher score on persistence factors of MCTQ(P<0.05).3)The boys got higher scores on behavioral problems,learning problem and hyperactivity(P<0.05).4)There were significant differences in the distribution of temperament of children with behavior problems. Conclusions Different gender children's temperament characteristics and behavior problems are different in Kazakand children.Children's behavior problems are related to the type of temperament.

Key words: temperament, behavior problems, Kazakand ethnicity, children

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