中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (7): 728-730.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2017-25-07-23

• 临床研究与分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

佳木斯地区学龄儿童维生素A、D、E的调查分析

王丽敏1, 王文娟2, 张雪玲2, 李春玉1, 王禹1, 刘洁薇1   

  1. 1 佳木斯大学附属第一医院儿科,黑龙江 佳木斯 154000;
    2 佳木斯大学研究生学院,黑龙江 佳木斯 154000
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-26 出版日期:2017-07-10 发布日期:2017-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 王文娟,E-mail:1581245195@qq.com
  • 作者简介:王丽敏(1964-),女,黑龙江人,主任医师,教授,主要从事小儿心肾疾病及儿童保健的临床和动物实验研究。

Investigation and analysis of vitamin A,D and E of school-aged children in Jiamusi

WANG Li-min1, WANG Wen-juan2, ZHANG Xue-ling2, LI Chun-yu2, WANG Yu1, LIU Jie-wei1   

  1. 1 Department of Pediatrics,the First Hospital Affiliated to Jiamusi University,Jiamusi,Heilongjiang 154000,China;
    2 Graduate School of Jiamusi University,Jiamusi,Heilongjiang 154000,China
  • Received:2016-07-26 Online:2017-07-10 Published:2017-07-10
  • Contact: WANG Wen-juan,E-mail:1581245195@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    国家卫生计生委医药卫生科技发展研究中心项目(W2015EAE109)

摘要: 目的 调查本地区学龄儿童血清25-羟基维生素 D[25-(OH)D],维生素A、E水平,了解学龄儿童维生素A、D、E的营养状况,为本地区学龄儿童合理补充微量营养素和预防相关疾病的发生提供理论依据。方法 收集2015年5月-2016年4月于佳木斯大学附属第一医院、建三江人民医院、宝泉岭中心医院等10余家医院门诊及住院部接受维生素A、D、E水平检测的所有6~12岁儿童资料6 030例,分别比较不同性别、年龄段、检测季节的维生素A、D、E水平和维生素营养状况差异。结果 佳木斯地区6~12岁儿童维生素A不足检出率为55.1%,充足检出率为44.9%;维生素E不足检出率为0.67%;维生素D缺乏检出率为37.9%,不足检出率为24.2%,充足检出率为37.9%;不同性别间维生素A、D、E水平比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。各年龄段维生素A、D、E水平比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。季节间比较差异有统计学意义 (P<0.05) 。结论 佳木斯地区学龄期儿童维生素A、D水平较低,各季节间维生素A、D、E差异明显,应引起家长及各阶层医务工作者的高度关注。

关键词: 学龄儿童, 微量营养素, 维生素A, 维生素D, 维生素E, 维生素缺乏

Abstract: Objective To learn the status of serum vitamin A,D,E level and the nutrition of school-aged children,and to provide the reference for the supplement of micro-nutrients and prevention of related diseases in the age group of children. Methods Totally 6 030 children from the age of six to twelve were recruited in the outpatient and inpatient departments at the First Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi,the People's Hospital of Jiansanjiang,Central Hospital of Baoquanling etc more than 10 hospitals from May 2015 to April 2016.Vitamin A,D,E levels were directed and the differences were compared by gender,age-group and detecting season. Results The rate of lack of vitamin A was 55.1% and the adequate was 44.9%; the deficiency rate of vitamin E was 0.67% ;the lack rate of vitamin D was 37.9%,the insufficient was 24.2% and the adequate was 37.9%; The stratified analysis showed the levels of different gender was not statistically significant (P>0.05).There was no difference in different age-groups (P>0.05).There existed significantly difference in different seasons (P<0.05). Conclusion The levels of vitamin A,D are lower in school-aged children in Jiamusi area,and the differences of vitamin A,D and E are obvious in different seasons,which should arouse the attention of parents and the medical workers of all levels.

Key words: school-aged children, micro-nutrition, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin deficiency

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