中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (8): 851-853.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-1539

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早产儿神经心理发育及干预研究进展

李杨1, 王海娜2, 岳佳3   

  1. 1 哈尔滨医科大学大庆校区,黑龙江 大庆 163319;
    2 大庆市第三医院,黑龙江 大庆 163712;
    3 哈尔滨医科大学附属第一医院,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150081
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-29 出版日期:2019-08-10 发布日期:2019-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 岳佳,E-mail:xiaomihejia@126.com
  • 作者简介:李杨(1982-),女,黑龙江人,讲师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童青少年心理卫生。
  • 基金资助:
    黑龙江省卫生计生委科研课题(2018230)

Research advance on neuropsychological development and intervention of preterm infants

LI Yang1, WANG Hai-na2, YUE Jia3   

  1. 1 Harbin Medical University (Daqing),Daqing,Heilongjiang 163319,China;
    2 Daqing Third Hospital,Daqing,Heilongjiang 163712,China;
    3 the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University,Harbin,Heilongjiang 150081,China
  • Received:2018-10-29 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-08-10
  • Contact: YUE Jia,E-mail:xiaomihejia@126.com

摘要: 近年来,我国早产儿的出生率逐年上升。随着围产医学和新生儿重症急救技术的提升,早产儿的死亡率持续下降,但存活下来的早产儿脑损伤和出生后发育异常的发生率居高不下。对比足月儿,早产儿心理及行为发展等方面的问题也较多。本研究对国内外有关早产儿神经心理发育和干预研究进行梳理,总结早产儿神经心理发育特点,分析早产儿的干预研究,为早产儿的养育干预研究提供指导。

关键词: 早产儿, 神经心理, 早产儿脑损伤

Abstract: In recent years,the birth rate of preterm infants in China has increased year by year.With the improvement of perinatal medicine and neonatal critical care technology,the mortality rate of preterm infants continues to decline,but the incidence rates of brain damage and postnatal developmental abnormalities in surviving preterm infants remain high.Compared with the full-term infants,preterm infants have more psychological and behavioral problems.This review combs researches on neuropsychological development and intervention of preterm infants at home and abroad,summarizes the characteristics of neuropsychological development of preterm infants,and analyzes current intervention studies on preterm infants,in order to provide guidance for the nursing intervention of preterm infants.

Key words: preterm infants, neuropsychology, brain damage of preterm infants

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