中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 740-743.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-0919

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

注意缺陷多动障碍和孤独症谱系障碍患者脑干听觉诱发电位比较

黄怡颖1, 王文强2, 吴为阁2, 李玉妹3   

  1. 1 厦门大学医学院,福建 厦门 361102;
    2 厦门市仙岳医院儿童心理科,福建 厦门 361012;
    3 厦门市仙岳医院脑诱发电位室,福建 厦门 361012
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-04 出版日期:2020-07-10 发布日期:2020-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 王文强,E-mail:wwq5392616@sina.com
  • 作者简介:黄怡颖(1993-),女,海南人,硕士在读,主要研究方向为儿童精神病学。
  • 基金资助:
    厦门市科技惠民项目(3502Z20174027)

Comparison of brainstem auditory evoked potential results between children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder

HUANG Yi-ying1, WANG Wen-qiang2, WU Wei-ge2, LI Yu-mei3   

  1. 1 Medical College of Xiamen University,Xiamen,Fujian 361102,China;
    2 Child and Adolescent Psychology of Xiamen Xian Yue Hospital,Xiamen,Fujian 361012,China;
    3 Brain Evoked Potentials Department of Xiamen Xian Yue Hospital,Xiamen,Fujian 361012,China
  • Received:2019-09-04 Online:2020-07-10 Published:2020-07-10
  • Contact: WANG Wen-qiang,E-mail:wwq5392616@sina.com

摘要: 目的 探究注意缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)和孤独症谱系障碍(ASD)患者脑干听觉诱发电位(BAEP)是否存在异常,及二者之间BAEP的差异。方法 2018年10月—2019年4月于厦门市仙岳医院采用方便抽样法分别抽取年龄6~16岁的ADHD 27例(53只耳)和ASD 26例(52只耳)首诊患儿为ADHD组和ASD组,招募50例(100只耳)健康志愿者作为对照组。使用诱发电位仪对ADHD组和ASD组行BAEP检测,分析两组Ⅰ、Ⅲ、Ⅴ波潜伏期,Ⅰ-Ⅲ、Ⅲ-Ⅴ、Ⅰ-Ⅴ波间期及Ⅰ、Ⅴ波波幅异常情况并进行比较。结果 ADHD组和ASD组与对照组相比,异常表现为Ⅰ波潜伏期缩短,Ⅰ-Ⅴ波间期缩短和Ⅰ、Ⅴ波波幅升高,其中ADHD组和ASD组的Ⅰ波潜伏期缩短率分别为5.66%和25.00%,Ⅰ波波幅升高率分别为24.53%和50.00%,差异均有统计学意义(χ2=7.601、7.294,P<0.05)。ADHD组与ASD组相比,Ⅰ波波幅显著降低,Ⅴ波波幅与Ⅴ/Ⅰ波幅比值均显著升高,差异有统计学意义(Z=-2.491、-2.205、-3.140,P<0.05)。结论 ADHD和ASD患儿的听觉传导通路存在差异,且Ⅴ/Ⅰ波幅比值差异可作为二者诊断时参考的重要客观指标。

关键词: 注意缺陷多动障碍, 孤独症谱系障碍, 脑干听觉诱发电位

Abstract: Objective To explore whether there is abnormal brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD),and to analyze the differences. Methods A total of 27 children with ADHD (53 ears) and 26 children with ASD (52 ears) aged 6 to 16 years old were selected as ADHD group and ASD group respectively in Xiamen Xian Yue Hospital from October 2018 to April 2019,meanwhile 50 healthy volunteers (100 ears) were recruited as the control group.BAEP was detected in ADHD group and ASD group by evoked potential instrument.The latency of Ⅰ,Ⅲ,Ⅴ waves,the interval of Ⅰ-Ⅲ,Ⅲ-Ⅴ,Ⅰ-Ⅴ waves and the abnormal amplitude of Ⅰ,Ⅴ waves were analyzed and compared. Results Compared with the control group,the ADHD and ASD groups showed shorter Ⅰ-wave latency,shorter Ⅰ-Ⅴ interval,and higher I and Ⅴ amplitudes.The rate of shorter Ⅰ wave latency in ADHD group and ASD group was 5.66% and 25.00% respectively,and the rate of increasing amplitude of wave Ⅰ was 24.53% and 50.00% respectively,and the differences were statistically significant(χ2=7.601,7.294,P<0.05).Compared with ASD group,the I wave amplitude in the ADHD group significantly reduced,the Ⅴ wave amplitude and the Ⅴ/Ⅰ amplitude ratio significantly increased (Z=-2.491,-2.205,-3.140,P<0.05). Conclusion There are differences on auditory pathways between ADHD and ASD children,and the difference in Ⅴ/Ⅰ amplitude ratio can be used as an important objective indicator for the diagnosis of ADHD and ASD.

Key words: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, brainstem auditory evoked potential

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