中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 706-709.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1013

• 健康教育 • 上一篇    下一篇

6~36月龄婴幼儿的挑食现状及其照护者对营养摄入的认知水平

徐敏, 崔蕾, 周晶晶   

  1. 南通大学附属海安医院儿科,江苏 海安 226600
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-11 出版日期:2020-06-10 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 作者简介:徐敏(1987-) 女,江苏人,护师,主要从事婴幼儿方面的护理工作。
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省卫生计生委2017年医学科研课题指导性项目(Z2017014)

Prevalence of picky eating in 6- to 36-month-old and the perception of caregivers towards nutrients intake and body composition

XU Min, CUI Lei, ZHOU Jing-jing   

  1. Department of Pediatrics,Hai′an Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University, Hai′an,Jiangsu 226600, China
  • Received:2019-09-11 Online:2020-06-10 Published:2020-06-10

摘要: 目的 评估6~36个月龄婴幼儿挑食行为的发生率、营养摄入量以及体重状态,并分析照护者对婴幼儿挑食行为和营养摄入的认知水平。方法 2018年1月-2019年1月,采用方便抽样的方法纳入6~36月龄婴幼儿。调查问卷包括一般人口学资料、婴幼儿挑食行为,膳食摄入24 h日记、身高(长)和体重以及父母报告体重。结果 689名婴幼儿中,300名为挑食者,389名为非挑食者,其中25~36月龄幼儿挑食发生率最高为40.00%。挑食者营养摄入中,维生素A、维生素B2、维生素C和蛋白质均低于非挑食者(P<0.01)。挑食婴幼儿最不喜欢的食物类型是蔬菜(28.67%)。689名婴幼儿中,110名体重超重、82名为低体重,父母报告体重状态与实际测量之间存在差异(P<0.01)。结论 6~36月龄婴幼儿挑食行为普遍,影响其营养素的摄入,应提高婴幼儿照护者营养素摄入认知水平,纠正婴幼儿不良的饮食行为。

关键词: 儿童, 挑食, 营养摄入, 认知

Abstract: Objective To assess the prevalence of picky eating in 6- to 36-month-old Chinese children, and to explore parents′ perceptions of picky eating and nutrition intake. Methods Totally 689 6- to 36-month-old infants and toddlers were included in this study from January 2018 to January 2019.Questionnaires were used to collect information on family demographic factors, child picky eating behaviors, food group rejection, and parents′ perception of child weight status.Dietary intake data was collected via 24 h recall.Children′s length/height and weight were measured. Results Finally 300 infants and toddlers were picky eater,389 infants and toddlers were non-picky eater.And the prevalence of picky eating was 40.00% among 25- to 36-month-old infants and toddlers.There were significant differences on dietary intakes of nutrients between picky and non-picky eaters, such as vitamin A, vitamin B2, vitamin C and protein(P<0.01).Weight status was underestimated by parents of both picky and non-picky children. Conclusion Picky eating seems to be common among 6- to 36-month-old infants and toddlers in China, which will affect the nutrition intake. Therefore, it is supposed to strengtren the perception of nutrition intake in caregives, thus to correct the inappropriate dietary behaviors.

Key words: infants and toddlers, picky eating, nutrient intake, perception

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