中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 759-762.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1165

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脑瘫儿童流涎的评估与干预方法研究进展

杨宁   

  1. 复旦大学附属儿科医院康复科,上海 201100
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-01 出版日期:2020-07-10 发布日期:2020-07-10
  • 作者简介:杨宁(1994-),女,江苏人,初级治疗师,本科学历,主要研究方向为儿童康复。

Research advances on evaluation and intervention of salivation in children with cerebral palsy

YANG Ning   

  1. Department of Rehabilitation,Children's Hospital of Fudan University,Shanghai 201100,China
  • Received:2019-10-01 Online:2020-07-10 Published:2020-07-10

摘要: 脑性瘫痪是一组持续存在的中枢性运动和姿势发育障碍、活动受限症候群,这种症候群是由于发育中的胎儿或婴幼儿脑部非进行性损伤所致。流涎是脑瘫常见症状之一,由于唾液呈酸性对皮肤有刺激作用,婴幼儿的皮肤娇嫩,面颊、下颌等部位经常受浸泡,常引起皮肤发红甚至糜烂,时间长了会形成异味,造成感染,当然也会影响患儿的语言发育和吞咽功能,也会不同程度地被社会歧视。本文主要围绕脑瘫儿童流涎的评估与干预方法的现状进行综述。

关键词: 脑瘫, 流涎, 评估方法, 干预方法, 儿童

Abstract: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of persistent central motor and postural disorder and motor limitation syndrome,which is caused by non-progressive brain damage in developing fetuses or infants.Salivation is one of the common symptoms of cerebral palsy.Saliva is acidic and infants' skin is delicate,so cheeks,jaws and other parts are often immersed,thereby causing skin redness or erosion.Over a long period of time,it can form odor,cause infection,and,of course,affect children's language development and swallowing function.Moreover,children will also be discriminated against by society in varying degrees.This paper reviews the current situation of evaluation and intervention methods of salivation in children with cerebral palsy.

Key words: cerebral palsy, salivation, evaluation, intervention, children

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