中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 75-78.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1631

• 临床研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

乌鲁木齐市高中生睡眠时间与体力活动状况的相关性研究

姬晓鹏   

  1. 新疆大学体育部,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830046
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-23 修回日期:2020-02-29 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-01-10
  • 作者简介:姬晓鹏(1974-),男,陕西人,讲师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为学校体育学。
  • 基金资助:
    全国教育科学规划课题项目资助(CLA1618)

Study on the association between sleep time and physical activity of high school students in Urumqi

JI Xiao-peng   

  1. Department of Physical Education,Xinjiang University,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830046,China
  • Received:2019-10-23 Revised:2020-02-29 Online:2021-01-10 Published:2021-01-10

摘要: 目的 了解乌鲁木齐市高中学生睡眠及体力活动状况,并分析两者之间存在的关系,为有效提高乌鲁木齐市高中学生体力活动水平提供支持。方法 2018年10-12月采用自行编制的乌鲁木齐市中学生健康及体力活动调查问卷对5 424名高中学生的睡眠状况及体力活动的状况进行调查,分析两者之间的关系。结果 乌鲁木齐市高中学生睡眠不足的学生比例女生(56.53%)高于男生(43.48%)、高年级(84.96%)高于低年级学生(32.46%)、锻炼时间长的学生睡眠不足的比例低(31.92%)、上体育课数少和无课外活动锻炼学生的睡眠不足比例高(62.17%和58.14%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。多因素Logistic回归分析显示:其中每周步行或骑车达30 min/d且少于1 d(OR=1.134,95%CI:1.014~1.268,P<0.001)、每周无课外活动锻炼(OR=1.416,95%CI:1.248~1.492,P<0.001)是睡眠不足的危险因素。结论 乌鲁木齐市高中学生睡眠不足的现象严重,骑车和课外体育活动及中步走对睡眠时间起到正向的促进作用,应积极鼓励高中学生尽可能多的参与体育锻炼,提高体力活动,以促进睡眠。

关键词: 乌鲁木齐, 高中生, 体力活动, 睡眠

Abstract: Objective To understand the sleep status and physical activity of high school students in Urumqi,and to analyze the relationship between them,so as to provide effective support for improving the physical activity level of high school students in Urumqi.Method From October to December 2018,a self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the sleep and physical activity of 5 424 high school students in Urumqi,and the association was analyzed.Results The proportion of high school students with insufficient sleep in Urumqi was higher in girls(56.53%),higher grade students(84.96%),students who exercise less(63.03%),have less physical education classes(62.17%) and have no extracurricular activities(58.14%) (P<0.01).Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that walking or cycling for 30 min/d less than 1 d/week (OR=1.134,95%CI:1.014-1.268,P<0.001),and no extracurricular activities each week (OR=1.416,95%CI:1.248-1.492,P<0.001) were risk factors for sleep insufficiency.Conclusions Sleep insufficiency in high school students in Urumqi is serious.Cycling,extracurricular sports activities and step walking play a positive role in promoting sleep.So it is suggested for high school students to participate in physical exercise as much as possible in order to improve physical activity and to promote sleep.

Key words: Urumqi, high school students, physical activity, sleep

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