中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 52-55.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1933

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

父母迁移模式对农村留守儿童问题行为的影响

邵美玲1, 张权1,2   

  1. 1.河海大学公共管理学院暨教育与心理研究所,江苏 南京 211100;
    2.南卡罗来纳大学阿诺德公共卫生学院暨南卡罗来纳智州健康维护质量研究中心
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-22 修回日期:2020-04-16 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-01-10
  • 作者简介:邵美玲(1994-),女,江苏人,在读硕士研究生,主要研究方向为发展心理学。
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省自然科学基金青年项目(BK20180503);教育部人文社科研究项目(18YJCZH243);中央高校基本科研业务费(2018B03614)

Influence of the parental migration modes on problem behaviors of rural left-behind children

SHAO Mei-Ling*, ZHANG Quan   

  1. *Institute of Education and Psychology,School of Public Administration,Hohai University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 211100,China;
    2 South Carolina Smart State Center for Healthcare Quality,University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health,Columbia,SC 29208,USA
  • Received:2020-01-22 Revised:2020-04-16 Online:2021-01-10 Published:2021-01-10

摘要: 农村留守儿童是问题行为的高发群体,在不同父母迁移模式下,留守儿童在问题行为表现上存在差异。通过综述近年来农村留守儿童问题行为的研究,发现相较于非留守儿童,父母均迁移儿童的问题行为总体发生率显著较高;在父亲或母亲一方迁移情况下,母亲迁移儿童的问题行为发生率显著高于父亲迁移。本综述为进一步深入研究农村留守儿童问题行为提供参考,为政府及社会采取合适的留守儿童政策,如完善儿童随迁政策、鼓励父母回乡创业等提供理论依据和实证支持。

关键词: 留守儿童, 问题行为, 父母迁移模式

Abstract: The left-behind children in rural areas are a group with high incidence of problem behaviors.Under different modes of parental migration,the performances in problem behaviors of the group are different.By reviewing relevant studies recently,it is found that compared with non-left-behind children,left-behind children whose parents both migrated have higher prevalence rate of problem behaviors.When father or mother migrates,problem behaviors caused by mother's migration are more prevalent than that of father's migration.This review aims to provide an insight for future study on problem behaviors of rural left-behind children,provide suggestions for the government to adopt appropriate policies for left-behind children,such as improving the policy of migrant children and encouraging parents to return to hometown to start businesses by themselves.

Key words: left-behind children, problem behaviors, parental migration modes

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