中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 409-413.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0161

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

儿童及青少年孤独症谱系障碍漏误诊研究进展

周宇航, 赵宏博, 郭岚敏, 姜志梅   

  1. 佳木斯大学康复医学院,佳木斯大学附属第三医院,黑龙江 佳木斯 154002
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-10 修回日期:2020-04-15 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 姜志梅,E-mail:mynard93@163.com
  • 作者简介:周宇航(1995-),女,山东人,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童脑发育与行为障碍。
  • 基金资助:
    佳木斯大学校级科技创新项目(Cxtd-2013-02);黑龙江省教育厅基本科研业务费项目(2017-KYYWF-0584);黑龙江省卫生健康委科研课题(2019-311);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(81704138)

Research advances in missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents

ZHOU Yu-hang, ZHAO Hong-bo, GUO Lan-min, JIANG Zhi-mei   

  1. The Rehabilitation Medical College of Jiamusi University,the Third Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University,Jiamusi,Heilongjiang 154002,China
  • Received:2020-02-10 Revised:2020-04-15 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: JIANG Zhi-mei,E-mail:mynard93@163.com

摘要: 孤独症谱系障碍(ASD)是一组神经发育障碍性疾病,表现为严重程度不一的社会交流交往障碍、重复刻板行为及兴趣范围狭窄。ASD已成为我国儿童及青少年精神疾病致残的重要原因之一,早期干预有利于患儿的预后。然而,ASD的诊断常存在漏诊和误诊现象,本文综合以往研究,分析ASD漏诊和误诊的表现类型及原因,探讨可能的应对措施。

关键词: 孤独症谱系障碍, 儿童及青少年, 漏诊, 误诊, 早期干预, 准确干预

Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by social communication disorders of varying severity,repetitive behaviors and a narrow range of interests.ASD has become one of the important causes of mental disability in children and adolescents in China,and early intervention is beneficial to the prognosis of children.However,there are often missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis phenomena in the diagnosis of ASD.Based on previous studies,this review combs the manifestation types and causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of ASD,and discusses possible countermeasures.

Key words: autism spectrum disorder, children and adolescents, missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis, early intervention, accurate intervention

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