中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 214-217.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0219

• 经验交流 • 上一篇    下一篇

西昌市城区3~14岁儿童身高状况分析

张月, 石艳, 边程鹏, 王勤, 陈雪, 张帆   

  1. 四川省凉山彝族自治州第一人民医院儿科,四川 西昌 615000
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-21 修回日期:2020-06-05 出版日期:2021-02-10 发布日期:2021-02-10
  • 通讯作者: 石艳,E-mail:3326317147@qq.com
  • 作者简介:张月(1987-),女,四川人,主治医师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童保健及心理行为。
  • 基金资助:
    凉山州技术研究开发与推广应用项目(19YYJS0103)

Height distribution of children aged 3 to 14 years in Xichang City

ZHANG Yue, SHI Yan, BIAN Cheng-peng, WANG Qin, CHEN Xue, ZHANG Fan   

  1. Department of Pediatrics, the First People's Hospital of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Xichang, Sichuan 615000, China
  • Received:2020-02-21 Revised:2020-06-05 Online:2021-02-10 Published:2021-02-10
  • Contact: SHI Yan, E-mail:3326317147@qq.com

摘要: 目的 分析西昌市城区儿童身高的特点,为当地儿童健康发展提供参考。方法 2018年4-5月采用分层整群抽样法以西昌市城区19所学校3~14岁儿童作为研究对象。按照《中国儿童生长标准与生长曲线》的要求,统一测量儿童身高,并使用SPSS22.0软件进行数据分析。结果 西昌市城区的儿童中汉族男生3~6岁及9~11岁、彝族男生3~7岁及10~11岁、汉族女生3~7岁及9~10岁、彝族女生3~10岁的身高均高于全国标准(P<0.05);学龄前期男生汉族儿童身高高于彝族(P<0.05);在学龄期与青春期彝汉两个民族身高差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);男生身高在各年龄段均高于女生身高(P<0.05)。结论 西昌市儿童身高普遍高于全国标准身高,家长应重视身高在儿童生长发育中的作用。

关键词: 儿童, 身高, 西昌市

Abstract: Objective To explore the characteristics of children's height in Xichang City, thus to provide basis for local children's health development. Methods A stratified cluster sampling method was used to select children aged 3 to 14 years in 19 schools in Xichang City from April to May in 2018.According to the requirements of "Chinese Children's Growth Standards and Growth Curves", children's height was uniformly measured, and data analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0 software. Results Among children in Xichang City, the height of Han boys aged 3-6 and 9-11, Yi boys aged 3-7 and 10-11, Han girls aged 3-7 and 9-10, Yi girls aged 3-10 were higher than those of the national standard(P<0.05).The height of Han boys in preschool age was higher than that of Yi boys (P<0.05).There was no difference on the height between Yi and Han children in school age and adolescence (P>0.05).But the height of boys was significantly higher than that of girls at all ages (P<0.05). Conclusions The height of children in Xichang City is generally higher than the national standard.Parents should pay attention to the role of height in children's growth and development.

Key words: children, height, Xichang city

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