中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 405-408.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0381

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

小于胎龄儿生长发育的研究进展

兰红艳, 陈津津   

  1. 上海市儿童医院,上海交通大学附属儿童医院儿童保健科,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-07 修回日期:2020-07-13 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 陈津津,E-mail:jjvoo@163.com
  • 作者简介:兰红艳(1995-),女,江苏人,医师,学士学位,主要研究方向为儿童早期神经心理行为发育。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81670810);上海市科学技术委员会医学引导类项目(18411967700);上海市教育委员会高峰高原学科建设计划(20161432);上海市儿童健康服务能力建设专项规划高端儿科海外研修团队培养计划(GDEK201710);上海申康医院发展中心常见疾病适宜技术研发与推广应用项目(16CR4016A)

Research progress on the growth and development of small for gestational age children

LAN Hong-yan, CHEN Jin-jin   

  1. Department of Child Health Care, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2020-03-07 Revised:2020-07-13 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: CHEN Jin-jin, E-mail:jjvoo@163.com

摘要: 近年来,随着“二胎”政策的全面开放以及高危新生儿救治水平的不断提高,我国高龄孕妇及缺陷胎儿比例逐年增加,小于胎龄儿(SGA)所面临的生长发育问题也逐渐显露。SGA是指出生体重低于同胎龄儿平均体重的第10百分位(P10)或低于相同胎龄儿平均体重2个标准差者。研究表明,SGA在体格生长及神经行为发育上与适于胎龄儿(AGA)存在诸多差异。本综述旨在总结近几年关于SGA最新研究进展,为其生长发育评价及临床早期干预提供参考。

关键词: 小于胎龄儿, 体格生长, 神经行为发育

Abstract: In recent years, with the full opening of the “second child” policy and the continuous improvement of treatment level for high-risk newborns, the proportion of pregnant women of advanced reproductive age and defective fetuses in China has increased year by year, and the increasing growth and development problems faced by gestational age children are gradually revealed. Small for gestational age (SGA) infants usually have birth weight below the 10th percentile for infants of the same gestational age, or 2 standard deviations below the average body weight of the same gestational age. Studies have shown that there are many differences in physical growth and neurodevelopment between the SGA and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. So this review aims to summarize the recent research progress in the growth and development patterns of SGA in recent years, thus to provide a reference for the assessment of growth and development and early clinical intervention of SGA children.

Key words: small for gestational age, physical growth, neurobehavioral development

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