中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 1408-1411.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0437

• 经验交流 • 上一篇    下一篇

多乐氟在预防脑瘫低龄儿童龋病中的疗效观察

金非非1, 杨琦琦1, 曾祥平2   

  1. 1 德州市妇幼保健院口腔科,山东 德州 253000;
    2 德州市妇幼保健院儿童康复与心理卫生科,山东 德州 253000
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-19 修回日期:2020-07-16 出版日期:2020-12-10 发布日期:2020-12-10
  • 作者简介:金非非(1983-),女,山东人,主治医师,硕士学位,主要从事口腔医学工作。

Effect of Duraphat on the prevention of dental caries in early childhood with cerebral palsy

JIN Fei-fei1, YANG Qi-qi1, ZENG Xiang-ping2   

  1. 1 Department of Stomatology,Dezhou Children′s and Women′s Hospital,Dezhou,Shandong 253000,China;
    2 Department of Child Rehabilitation and Mental Health,Dezhou Children′s and Women′s Hospital,Dezhou,Shandong 253000,China
  • Received:2020-04-19 Revised:2020-07-16 Online:2020-12-10 Published:2020-12-10

摘要: 目的 评价涂氟对德州地区3~5岁脑瘫低龄儿童龋病的预防效果,为脑瘫儿童乳牙龋病预防提供依据。方法 2018年1月-2020年1月以德州市9家脑瘫儿童康复机构中年龄在3~5岁的脑瘫儿童107人作为研究对象,将其随机分为2组。实验组脑瘫儿童(54例1 080颗牙)每半年涂氟1次,对照组(53例1 060颗牙)为空白组,同时每半年对监护人进行口腔健康教育1次,共干预4次;对比干预效果。结果 2年后,实验组和对照组脑瘫儿童患龋率差异无统计学意义(χ2=2.256,P>0.05),但实验组龋病发病率(7.41% vs.20.75%)、龋均(2.41±2.02 vs.3.47±2.35)、乳前牙龋病发病率(7.41% vs.12.89%)均低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(χ2=3.953,t=-2.512,χ2=10.615,P<0.05)。结论 周期性应用多乐氟能降低低龄脑瘫儿童的乳牙龋病发病率和新增龋均,值得在脑瘫儿童中推广使用。

关键词: 多乐氟, 脑瘫, 低龄儿童龋, 龋病, 乳牙

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the preventive effect of Duraphat on dental caries among children with cerebral palsy(CP) aged 3-5 years in Dezhou,so as to provide basis for prevention of primary tooth caries in children with cerebral palsy. Methods A total of 107 children with cerebral palsy aged 3-5 years were selected from 9 rehabilitation institutions for children with cerebral palsy in dezhou city from Januany 2018 to January 2020 and were randomly divided into 2 groups.Children with cerebral palsy in the test group (54 cases with 1 080 teeth) were treated with fluoride varnish once every six months,while the control group (53 cases with 1 060 teeth) was blank group.At the same time,oral hygiene instruction was conducted for the guardian semi-annually for 4 times.Then the effect of intervention was compared between the two groups. Results After two years,there was no significant difference in caries rate between the two groups (χ2=2.256,P>0.05).However,there were statistically significant differences in the the incidence of dental caries(7.41% vs. 20.75%), dmft(2.41±2.02 vs.3.47±2.35) and the incidence of anterior caries(7.41% vs. 12.89%) (χ2=3.953,t=-2.512,χ2=10.615,P<0.05). Conclusion The use of Duraphat can reduce the caries incidence rate and dmft increments of primary teeth in early childhood with cerebral palsy and is worthy to be used widely in Dezhou district.

Key words: Duraphat, cerebral palsy, early childhood caries, caries disease, primary teeth

中图分类号: