中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 993-996.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0489

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

婴幼儿养育照护的框架和策略

王晶 综述, 童梅玲 审校   

  1. 南京医科大学附属妇产医院儿童保健科,江苏 南京 210004
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-20 出版日期:2020-09-10 发布日期:2020-09-10
  • 通讯作者: 童梅玲,E-mail:meilingtong111@126.com
  • 作者简介:王晶(1988-),女,江苏人,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童保健。

Nurturing care framework and strategy

WANG Jing, TONG Mei-ling   

  1. Department of Child Health,Women′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Nanjing,Jiangsu 210004,China
  • Received:2020-03-20 Online:2020-09-10 Published:2020-09-10
  • Contact: TONG Mei-ling E-mail:meilingtong111@126.com

摘要: 儿童早期发展对个体的身体发展、大脑发展、心理健康有着长远影响,甚至影响下一代的健康和福祉。但是仍有相当一部分的儿童还处在发育不良的风险中。养育照护的实施能有效提高婴幼儿的早期发展潜能,促进儿童的健康和营养,保护儿童免受威胁,并为其提供早期学习的机会,这种照护可以影响终身甚至下一代。因此,本文将系统地介绍婴幼儿养育照护的框架和策略,以期为进一步的临床和科研工作提供参考。

关键词: 婴幼儿, 养育照护, 回应性照护, 早期发展

Abstract: Early childhood development has a long-term influence on an individual′s physical development,brain development,mental health,and even has an impact on the health and wellbeing whose benefits last a lifetime and carry into the next generation.But a significant number of children are still at risk of stunting,whose development is the key to the well being of all mankind.The implementation of nurturing care can effectively improve the early development potential of babies,ensure children′s good health and nutrition,and protect them from threats.Nurturing care also means giving young children opportunities for early learning,through interactions that are responsive and emotionally supportive.This review systematically introduces the nurturing care framework and strategy,thereby providing a basis for further clinical and scientific research.

Key words: infants and toddlers, nurturing care, responsive care, early development

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