中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 869-872.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0541

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

铁与儿童精神运动发育、认知功能和神经行为关系的研究进展

赵春, 王成举 综述, 胡斌 审校   

  1. 陆军军医大学第二附属医院儿科,重庆 400037
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-26 修回日期:2020-09-14 出版日期:2021-08-10 发布日期:2021-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 胡斌,E-mail:58127652@qq.com
  • 作者简介:赵春(1987-),女,四川人,护师,主要研究方向为临床护理与儿童保健。
  • 基金资助:
    重庆市社会事业与民生保障科技创新专项(cstc2017shms130013)

Research progress on the association between iron and psychomotor development, cognitive function and neurobehavioral in children

ZHAO Chun, WANG Cheng-ju, HU Bin   

  1. Department of Pediatrics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, Chongqing 400037, China
  • Received:2020-03-26 Revised:2020-09-14 Online:2021-08-10 Published:2021-08-25
  • Contact: HU Bin, E-mail: 58127652@qq.com

摘要: 铁是大脑新陈代谢的基本元素,缺铁可引起神经递质稳态的改变、减少髓鞘的产生、损害突触的形成、并使基底神经节功能下降,因此,缺铁性贫血会对精神运动发育、认知功能和神经行为产生不利影响,危害婴幼儿的健康发育。了解铁缺乏与精神运动发育、认知功能和神经行为的关系,弄清补充铁的疗效并在儿童保健时开展血清铁含量检验,对制定早期预防铁缺乏的公共卫生策略具有十分重要的意义。

关键词: 铁, 缺铁性贫血, 认知功能, 神经行为障碍, 儿童

Abstract: Iron is an essential element of brain metabolism. Iron deficiency can cause changes in the temperate of neurotransmitters, decrease myelin production, damage synapses, and decline the function of the basal ganglia. Therefore, iron deficiency anemia can adversely affect psychomotor development and cognitive function and endanger the healthy development of infants. Understanding the relationship between iron deficiency and psychomotor development, cognitive function and neurobehavioral, clarifying the efficacy of iron supplementation and carrying out the test of serum iron content in child care is of great significance in formulating public health strategies for early prevention of iron deficiency.

Key words: iron, iron deficiency anemia, cognitive function, neurobehavioral disorders, children

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