中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 120-123.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0571

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

父母超重肥胖与儿童代谢指标异常聚集性的关系

李紫琳1,2, 马传伟1,2, 赵敏3, 席波1,2   

  1. 1.山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院流行病学系,山东 济南 250012;
    2.山东大学儿童心血管研究中心,山东 济南 250012;
    3.山东大学齐鲁医学院公共卫生学院毒理与营养学系
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-30 修回日期:2020-06-01 出版日期:2021-02-10 发布日期:2021-02-10
  • 通讯作者: 席波,E-mail:xibo2010@sdu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李紫琳(1997-),女,陕西人,在读硕士研究生,主要研究方向为儿童心血管流行病学。电话:17719761179;E-mail:lizilin2019@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(81673195,81722039)

Association between parental overweight or obesity and clustering of cardio-metabolic risk factors in children

LI Zi-lin*, MA Chuan-wei, ZHAO Min, XI Bo   

  1. *Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong 250012, China;
    Children Cardiovascular Research Center of Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong 250012, China
  • Received:2020-03-30 Revised:2020-06-01 Online:2021-02-10 Published:2021-02-10
  • Contact: XI Bo, E-mail:xibo2010@sdu.edu.cn

摘要: 目的 探讨父母超重肥胖与儿童代谢指标异常聚集性的关系,为心血管病危险因素的防控提供科学依据。方法 2017年11月-2018年1月采用方便整群抽样的方法,以山东省淄博市桓台县某所小学作为调查点,将身体测量、问卷调查和血生化检测均完整的1 280名6~11岁儿童作为研究对象。分析父母超重肥胖与儿童代谢指标异常及其聚集性的关系。结果 父母一方和双方均超重肥胖的检出率分别为55.6%和19.8%。儿童代谢指标异常(腹型肥胖、血压偏高)及其聚集性(2项和≥3项代谢指标异常)检出率在父母不同体重状态组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05或<0.001)。与父母均体重正常的儿童相比,父母一方超重肥胖儿童存在腹型肥胖(OR=2.00)和1项代谢指标异常(OR=1.47)的危险性较高(P<0.05或<0.001),而双方均超重肥胖儿童存在腹型肥胖(OR=3.08)、血压偏高(OR=1.74)和代谢异常指标聚集(OR=1.64~4.60)的危险性更高(P<0.05或<0.001)。结论 父母超重肥胖与儿童腹型肥胖、血压偏高和代谢指标异常聚集性存在关联。这提示应该对有父母超重肥胖史的高危儿童进行重点干预。

关键词: 代谢综合征, 父母, 超重肥胖, 儿童

Abstract: Objective To examine the association between parental overweight or obesity and clustering of cardio-metabolic risk factors in children, so as to provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of cardiovascular risk factors. Methods A convenient cluster sampling method was used to conduct a cross-sectional study from a primary school in Huantai county, Zibo city, Shandong.A total of 1 280 children aged 6-11 years with complete data on physical examinations, information from a questionnaire and blood biochemical variables were enrolled in this study.The correlation between parental overweight or obesity and clustering of cardio-metabolic risk factors in children was analyzed. Results The prevalence rates of overweight or obesity among either and both parents were 55.6% and 19.8%, respectively.The prevalence rates of abnormal metabolic indices (abdominal obesity and elevated blood pressure) and the clustering of abnormal metabolic indices were significantly different among parents with different weight status (P<0.05 or <0.001).Compared with children whose parents both had normal weight, those whose either mother or father was overweight or obese had higher risk for developing abdominal obesity(OR=2.00) and one abnormal metabolic indices(OR=1.47)(P<0.05 or <0.001).However, children whose parents both had overweight or obesity had much higher risk of developing abdominal obesity(OR=3.08), elevated blood pressure(OR=1.74) and abnormal metabolic indices(OR=1.64-4.60) (P<0.05 or <0.001). Conclusion Parental overweight or obesity is associated with abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure and clustering of abnormal metabolic indices in children, suggesting high-risk children whose parents had history of overweight and obesity should be prioritized for giving intervention.

Key words: metabolic syndrome, parents, overweight and obesity, children

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