• 临床研究 •

### 辽宁省本溪市青少年血压偏高现况及其影响因素分析

1. 1.本溪市疾病预防控制中心,辽宁 本溪 117000;
2.辽宁省疾病预防控制中心
• 收稿日期:2020-05-27 修回日期:2020-07-13 发布日期:2021-07-28 出版日期:2021-07-10
• 通讯作者: 吴明,E-mail:lncdcwm@163.com
• 作者简介:陈永刚,(1977-),男,辽宁人,主管医师,研究生学历,主要从事慢性病防控相关工作。

### Prevalence of high blood pressure and its influencing factors among adolescents in Benxi, Liaoning province

CHEN Yong-gang*, GAO Qing, PIAO Tai-hong, CHENG Ming, YE Qian-wen, WU Ming

1. *Benxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Benxi, Liaoning 117000, China
• Received:2020-05-27 Revised:2020-07-13 Online:2021-07-10 Published:2021-07-28
• Contact: WU Ming,E-mail:lncdcwm@163.com

Abstract: Objective To understand the prevalence of high blood pressure among adolescents in Benxi in 2019, and to analyze its influencing factors, so as to provide basis for formulating the corresponding strategy and measure to prevent and control the high blood pressure of teenagers. Methods From September to October 2019, 3 669 adolescents aged 9 to 24 years in Benxi were selected as study subjects by using a multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling method. Logistic analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors for high blood pressure. Results Totally 3 489 adolescents finished the survey, and it was found that high blood pressure rate in Benxi was 19.00%. Multivariate analysis showed that age, overweight and obesity, living in school and moderate-to-high intensity exercise were the main factors for high blood pressure in adolescents. The risk factors for high blood pressure included 14 to 18 years old (OR=1.272, 95%CI:1.041—1.555),overweight and obesity(OR=2.126, 95%CI: 1.671—2.706; OR=4.444, 95%CI: 3.626—5.445), not living in school (OR=1.514,95%CI: 1.099—2.085), moderate and high intensity exercise (moderate to high intensity exercise for 1-2 days per week OR=1.371, 95%CI:1.039—1.808;moderate to high intensity exercise for more than 3 days per week OR=1.437, 95%CI: 1.110—1.861). Conclusion The prevalence rate of high blood pressure is relatively high in Benxi, thus effective prevention and control measures should be taken to reduce the occurrence of high blood pressure.