中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 641-644.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1194

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工作记忆训练对注意缺陷多动障碍患儿疗效的研究进展

李焱, 江文庆, 钱昀, 杜亚松   

  1. 上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心,上海 200030
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-23 修回日期:2020-10-03 出版日期:2021-06-10 发布日期:2021-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 杜亚松,E-mail:yasongdu@163.com
  • 作者简介:李焱(1987-),女,河南人,主治医师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童心理健康与精神障碍。
  • 基金资助:
    重大慢性非传染疾病防控研究(2016YFC1306102);国家自然科学基金面上项目(81771477);上海市精神卫生中心院级课题一般项目(2018-YJ-14);上海市公共卫生体系建设三年行动计划(2020-2022年)重点学科建设计划项目(GWV-10.1-XK19)

Research advances on working memory training for children with attentiondeficit hyperactivity disorder

LI Yan, JIANG Wen-qing, QIAN Yun, DU Ya-song   

  1. Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China
  • Received:2020-08-23 Revised:2020-10-03 Online:2021-06-10 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: DU Ya-song, E-mail:yasongdu@163.com

摘要: 注意缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)患儿广泛存在明显的工作记忆缺陷,并且影响其症状发展和推理、组织计划、选择注意等方面的表现,因此针对工作记忆的干预对于ADHD患儿有实质性意义。本文针对目前国内外开展的工作记忆训练的研究,对其理论依据、执行功能的影响及行为的疗效以及研究不足之处做一综述。

关键词: 注意缺陷多动障碍, 工作记忆训练, 执行功能

Abstract: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have extensive and obvious working memory deficits, which affect their symptom development and performance in reasoning, organizational planning, selective attention, and other aspects. Therefore, the training of working memory is of substantial significance for ADHD children. This review focuses on the domestic and foreign studies of working memory training in recent years, summarizes its theoretical basis, executive function and behavioral efficacy, and reviews the limitations.

Key words: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, working memory training, clinical efficacy

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