中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 328-331.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1405

• 经验交流 • 上一篇    下一篇

综合口腔运动干预对早产儿喂养表现及并发症的影响

张伶俐1, 于小靓1, 田西文1, 陈娜2   

  1. 1.如皋市人民医院儿科,江苏 如皋 226500;
    2.徐州市儿童医院儿科
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-21 修回日期:2020-10-15 出版日期:2021-03-10 发布日期:2021-03-10
  • 作者简介:张伶俐(1979-),女,主管护师, 本科学历,主要研究方向为新生儿保健。
  • 基金资助:
    徐州市科研项目(XKQ059)

Effect of integrated oral motor intervention on feeding performance and complications in premature infants

ZHANG Ling-li*, YU Xiao-liang, TIAN Xi-wen, CHEN Na   

  1. *Department of Pediatrics, Rugao People's Hospital, Rugao, Jiangsu 226500, China
  • Received:2020-07-21 Revised:2020-10-15 Online:2021-03-10 Published:2021-03-10

摘要: 目的 探究综合口腔运动干预应用于早产儿中对喂养表现及并发症的影响。方法 选取2018年1月-2020年1月收治的早产儿80例,随机分为两组,各40例。对照组给予常规干预,干预组给予综合口腔运动干预。对比两组神经行为、喂养表现及并发症发生率。结果 干预7 d后两组早产儿神经行为得分均增加,且干预组神经行为总评分的增加值高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(t=11.670,P<0.001)。干预组干预后喂养表现优于对照组;干预组干预后总并发症发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(χ2=5.591,P<0.05)。结论 在早产儿中实施综合口腔运动干预,可有效促进早产儿的神经行为正常发展,改善喂养表现,并且显著降低相关并发症发生率,值得推广。

关键词: 综合口腔运动干预, 神经行为, 喂养表现, 并发症, 早产儿

Abstract: Objective To analyze the effect of integrated oral exercise intervention on feeding performance and complications in preterm infants. Methods From January 2018 to January 2020, 80 premature infants were randomly divided into two groups, with 40 infants in each group.The control group received routine intervention, and the observation group was given comprehensive oral exercise.The neurobehavioral development, feeding performance and the incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results After 7 days of intervention, the total score of neurobehavioral development in both the observation group and the control group increased, and the neurobehavioral development score in the observation group changed greater (t=11.670, P<0.001).After intervention, the feeding performance in the observation group was better than that in the control group.The total complication rate in the observation group after intervention was significantly lower than that in the control group (χ2=5.591,P<0.05). Conclusion Comprehensive oral exercise intervention can effectively promote children's neurobehavioral development, improve feeding performance, and significantly reduce the incidence of related complications.

Key words: comprehensive oral exercise intervention, neurobehavior, feeding performance, complication, premature

中图分类号: