中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 23-27.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1795

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

年龄与发育进程问卷:社会-情绪(第2版)的中国常模及信度研究

卞晓燕1*, SQUIRES Jane2*, 卢红梅3*, 易燕4*, 王国文5*, 许汝钗6*, 宋魏7*, 张晶1   

  1. 1.上海市妇幼保健中心儿童保健科,上海 200062;
    2.俄勒冈大学人类发育中心早期干预研究所;
    3.淮安市妇幼保健院群体保健科;
    4.十堰市妇幼保健院儿童保健中心;
    5.楚雄市妇幼保健院儿童保健科;
    6.保定市妇幼保健院儿童保健科;
    7.嘉定区妇幼保健院儿童保健科
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-12 修回日期:2020-11-13 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-01-10
  • 作者简介:卞晓燕(1961-),女,江苏人,主任医师,学士学位,主要研究方向为早期儿童心理行为发展评估及早期教育早期干预。

Study on the norm and the reliability of the second edition of the Ages & Stages Questionnaires:Social-Emotional with a Chinese national sample

BIAN Xiao-yan*, SQUIRES Jane, LU Hong-mei, YI Yan, WANG Guo-wen, XU Ru-chai, SONG Wei, ZHANG Jing   

  1. *Child Health Care Department of Shanghai Maternal and Child Healthcare Center,Shanghai 200062,China
  • Received:2020-10-12 Revised:2020-11-13 Online:2021-01-10 Published:2021-01-10
  • Contact: ZHANG Jing,E-mail:asqzjxy2020@163.com

摘要: 目的 为引进英文版父母参与完成的、1~71个月儿童的心理行为筛查量表《年龄与发育进程问卷:社会-情绪(第2版)》(ASQ:SE-2),建立其中文版、探讨其常模界值和信度。方法 与英文原版作者合作、按照国际通行的标准步骤制订量表的中文版。2017-2019年采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,抽取全国六大区域各一个中等发达的市分别的城镇及乡村1~71个月儿童共2 830名作为量表的常模研究对象,其中176例同时为重测信度研究对象。由经过全国统一培训的取样人员指导儿童的主要照顾者线上或纸质完成量表的问卷;对数据进行定性定量分析,与原版常模界值比较、结合我国国情制定中国儿童的常模界值、分析量表的内在信度及重测信度。结果 建立了ASQ:SE-2中文版。常模样本在性别构成、城镇与乡村构成和家庭经济收入等都基本符合我国近年来的人口统计资料;建立了ASQ:SE-2的百分位常模,分别以第75(识别率为15.19%)及第90百分位数(识别率为11.80%)为接近界值及高于界值的界值;量表内在信度Cronbach's ɑ=0.77、重测信度r=0.87(P<0.001)。结论 ASQ:SE-2的常模具有代表性、制定的界值适当、具有良好的信度,可用于中国大陆适龄儿童的社会和情绪行为发展的筛查和监测。

关键词: 情绪, 社会学, 年龄与发育进程问卷, 儿童

Abstract: Objective To introduce the Ages &Stages Questionnaires:Social-Emotional,Second Edition (ASQ:SE-2),a parent-completed screening questionnaires for psychological behaviors of children aged 1 to 71 months to China,and to create a Chinese version,thus to explore its cut-off scores for the norm and its reliabilities.Methods According to internationally accepted standard steps,the Chinese version of ASQ:SE-2 was established by cooperating with the original English authors.A stratified cluster random sampling method was utilized to recruit 2 830 children aged 1 to 71 months in 2017-2019 from respectively urban and rural areas in one moderately developed city in each of the six administrative regions of China as the sample,and 176 of them were retested for test-retest reliability.Primary caregivers of children were guided by national unified trained investigators to complete questionnaires online or in paper form.Through qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data,and comparison with the cut-off scores of the English version,the cut-off scores of Chinese children were established in combination with the national conditions.The internal reliability and test-retest reliability of the questionnaires were developed.Results The Chinese version of ASQ:SE-2 was established.The demographic characteristics of this Chinese sample matched the recent China census data on gender,urban or rural location and family income.The percentile norms of ASQ:SE-2 was established,and the 75th percentile (the recognition rate was 15.19%) and the 90th percentile (the recognition rate was 11.80%) were taken as the cut-off scores in the monitoring zone and above the cutoff,respectively.The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the whole measure was 0.77,and test-retest reliability was 0.87(P<0.001).Conclusions ASQ:SE-2 is a reliable and valid measure with a representative national sample norm and appropriate cut-off scores.It can be used to screen and monitor the social-emotional behavior development of children in the mainland of China.

Key words: emotion, sociality, Ages & Stages Questionnaires, children

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