中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 650-654.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-2099LA

• 临床研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

婴儿饮食行为量表的编制与评价

殷珂1,2, 张婷2,3, 宋志霄3, 张莉3, 乔秀芸3, 李燕3   

  1. 1.青岛西海岸新区人民医院,山东 青岛 266400;
    2.潍坊医学院;
    3.山东第一医科大学第一附属医院儿童保健科
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-07 修回日期:2021-03-23 出版日期:2021-06-10 发布日期:2021-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 李燕,E-mail:liyanxj@sina.com
  • 作者简介:殷珂(1992-),女,山东人,研究生,住院医师,主要研究方向为儿童保健方向。
  • 基金资助:
    国家卫生健康委医药卫生科技发展项目(WA2020HK24);山东省医药卫生科技发展计划项目(2011QZ018)

Development and evaluation of Infant Eating Behavior Scale

YIN Ke*, ZHANG Ting, SONG Zhi-xiao, ZHANG Li, QIAO Xiu-yun, LI Yan   

  1. *People's Hospital,West Coast New Area,Qingdao,Shandong 266400,China
  • Received:2020-12-07 Revised:2021-03-23 Online:2021-06-10 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: LI Yan,E-mail:liyanxj@sina.com

摘要: 目的 旨在编制一套具有高信效度的本土化婴儿饮食行为量表,以早期识别、预防婴儿饮食行为的发生。方法 对281名6~11月龄婴儿进行初始问卷调查。运用因子分析、区分度分析、Cronbach's α系数及Spearman相关分析筛选条目,形成试用问卷。对935名6~11月龄婴儿行试用问卷调查,筛选条目并形成正式量表。运用折半信度、重测信度、探索性因子分析和验证性因子分析等方法评价量表的信效度。结果 1)形成包含6个维度、33个条目的婴儿饮食行为量表,Cronbach's α系数为0.910,折半信度为0.927,重测信度为0.693,与各维度的相关系数为0.266~0.752。验证性因子分析示χ2/df=3.180,GFI=0.831,CFI=0.842,RFI=0.766,RMSEA=0.068。2)婴儿体格生长与出生体重、食物种类与进食能力、喂养人行为和食物响应相关(P<0.05)。父母文化水平和家庭收入对婴儿饮食行为影响显著(P<0.05)。结论 婴儿饮食行为量表具有良好的信效度,可客观反映6~11月龄婴儿的饮食行为问题,是我国本土化婴儿饮食行为评估的科学可信工具。

关键词: 婴儿, 饮食行为量表, 效度, 信度

Abstract: Objective To develop Eating Behavior Scale for infants with high reliability and validity,so as to provide a scientific and reliable tool for the evaluation of infants' eating behavior in China. Methods A total of 281 parents of 6- to 11-month-old infants were investigated. Then the initial questionnaires were formed. Factor analysis,discriminant analysis,Cronbach's α coefficient and Spearman correlation analysis were used to screen the initial items. And 935 parents of 6- to 11-month-old infants were asked to fill out primary questionnaire. Finally the formal questionnaire was formed. The reliability and validity of the formal questionnaire was tested by Guttman split-half reliability analysis,retest reliability analysis,exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Results 1) Finally the Eating Behavior Scale of 6- to 11-month-old infants consisted of 33 items with 6 dimensions was formulated. The Cronbach's α coefficient of scale was 0.910,Guttman split-half reliability was 0.927,the retest reliability of the scale was 0.693,and the correlation coefficient between each factor and the scale ranged from 0.266 to 0.752. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the values of χ2/df,GFI,CFI,RFI and RMSEA of the scale were 3.180,0.831,0.842,0.766 and 0.068,respectively. 2) The length and weight of infants were positively correlated with the birth weight,of food type and eating ability,of feeding behavior and of food response(P<0.05). The education level of parents and income had significant influences on infants' eating behaviors(P<0.05). Conclusion The scale is a scientific and reliable tool with good reliability and validity,which can objectively evaluate the dietary behavior problems of infants in China.

Key words: infant, Eating Behavior Scale, validity, reliability

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