中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 396-400.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-2163

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

孤独症谱系障碍儿童运动障碍的研究进展

龙丹(综述), 李廷玉(审校)   

  1. 重庆医科大学附属儿童医院儿童营养研究中心,儿童营养与健康重庆市重点实验室,儿童发育疾病研究教育部重点实验室,国家儿童健康与疾病临床医学研究中心,儿童发育重大疾病国家国际科技合作基地,重庆 400014
  • 出版日期:2022-04-10 发布日期:2022-04-11
  • 通讯作者: 李廷玉, E-mail:tyli@vip.sina.com
  • 作者简介:龙丹(1995-),女,重庆人,住院医师,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为孤独症。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(81771223);广东省科技重大专项计划(2018B030335001);广州市科技重大专项计划(202007030002)

Research progress in the motor difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorder

LONG Dan, LI Ting-yu   

  1. Children Nutrition Research Center,Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University;Chongqing Key Laboratory of Child Health and Nutrition; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders; National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders; China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders,Chongqing 400014,China
  • Online:2022-04-10 Published:2022-04-11
  • Contact: LI Ting-yu,E-mail: tyli@vip.sina.com

摘要: 孤独症谱系障碍(ASD) 儿童常伴运动障碍,可表现为早期运动发育落后、运动学习困难、运动速度迟缓、体能下降等,并受遗传、年龄、核心症状、共患疾病、干预等多种因素影响。ASD儿童的运动障碍常会被忽视,在不同程度上影响了其学习和社会交往。儿科医师应对ASD儿童进行早期运动功能的监测,针对其运动障碍特点进行个性化训练,以促进其运动发育,并辅助改善其核心功能障碍,从而提高生活质量。

关键词: 孤独症谱系障碍, 运动障碍, 核心症状, 共患病, 干预

Abstract: Children with autism spectrum disorders(ASD) are often accompanied with motor difficulties,and perform as early motor delay,motor learning difficulties,slow movement,fitness decline and so on,which is affected by heredity,age,core symptoms,comorbidity,intervention and other factors. The motor difficulties of ASD children are often ignored,which disturb their learning and social activities. Pediatricians should monitor the early motor difficulties of ASD children,and carry out individualized training according to their characteristics in order to promote motor development and improve core symptoms,thus improving their quality of life.

Key words: autism spectrum disorder, motor difficulties, core symptoms, comorbidity, intervention

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