中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 57-61.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0175

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肥胖对儿童动作能力影响的研究进展

周林1,2, 何玉秀1,2, 梁玉1,2   

  1. 1.河北师范大学体育学院,河北 石家庄 050024;
    2.河北省人体运动生物信息测评重点实验室,河北 石家庄 050024
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-30 修回日期:2021-03-09 出版日期:2022-01-10 发布日期:2022-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 何玉秀,E-mail:shiohe@163.com
  • 作者简介::周林(1986-),男,湖北人,博士在读,主要从事运动康复、肥胖及相关疾病控制研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金(19BTY128; 2019-2022)

Progress in the influence of obesity on motor competence of children

ZHOU Lin*, HE Yu-xiu, LIANG Yu   

  1. *Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang,Hebei 050024,China;
    Hebei Provincial Key Lab of Measurement and Evaluation in Human Movement and Bioinformation,Shijiazhuang,Hebei 050024,China
  • Received:2021-01-30 Revised:2021-03-09 Online:2022-01-10 Published:2022-02-15
  • Contact: HE Yu-xiu,E-mail:shiohe@163.com

摘要: 动作能力是儿童参与身体活动的基础,对儿童未来运动专项技能的发展及终身体育观念的培养至关重要。先前的研究认为,肥胖与儿童的动作能力有关,肥胖儿童在粗大和精细动作技能、平衡协调方面表现明显低于健康体重同龄人。然而,在儿童动作发展过程中,影响因素的多样性及神经发育的个体差异,导致了肥胖与儿童动作能力间的关系具有复杂性。本文将围绕肥胖与动作能力间的关系,深入探讨肥胖影响儿童动作能力的可能机制,旨在通过对二者间关系的深入理解,更好地指导肥胖儿童动作能力促进和体重防控工作。

关键词: 肥胖, 儿童, 动作能力, 执行功能

Abstract: Motor competence (MC) is the cornerstone of promoting children's physical activity and enhancing their physical fitness. MC plays an important role in the development of children's special sports skills in the future and the cultivation of lifelong sports thoughts. Studies have shown that obesity is correlated with MC of children. The gross and fine motor skills,balance and coordination of obese children were significantly lower than those of their peers with healthy weight. However,in the process of children's motor development,the diversity of influencing factors and individual differences in neural development lead to the complexity of the relationship between obesity and MC. This paper will focus on the relationship between obesity and MC,and discuss the possible mechanism of obesity affecting children's MC,aiming to better guide the MC promotion and weight prevention and control of obese children through the in-depth understanding of the relationship between the two.

Key words: obesity, children, motor competence, executive function

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