中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 53-56.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0532

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青少年抑郁障碍冷执行功能研究进展

陈海思1, 高静芳2, 王晓乐2, 胡希文2   

  1. 1.浙江中医药大学第一临床医学院,浙江 杭州 310053;
    2.浙江中医药大学附属第一医院精神卫生科;杭州市第七人民医院精神六科
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-12 修回日期:2021-06-23 出版日期:2022-01-10 发布日期:2022-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 高静芳,E-mail:gjingfang@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介::陈海思(1994-),女,硕士研究生在读,主要研究方向青少年抑郁。
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省医药卫生科技计划项目(2020KY747)多中心横向课题项目(2B01614)

Research progress in cold executive dysfunction in adolescents with depression

CHEN Hai-si*, GAO Jing-fang, WANG Xiao-le, HU Xi-wen   

  1. *The First Clinical College of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310053,China
  • Received:2021-04-12 Revised:2021-06-23 Online:2022-01-10 Published:2022-02-15
  • Contact: GAO Jing-fang, E-mail:gjingfang@hotmail.com

摘要: 抑郁障碍患者常起病于青少年期,早期识别是早期干预的基础。研究发现抑郁障碍患者在许多不同的认知领域如注意偏差及在工作记忆、抑制控制等执行功能等方面均持续性存在认知损害。本文主要介绍青少年抑郁障碍冷执行功能的抑制控制、工作记忆及认知灵活性的神经心理学及其脑影像学研究进展,探索青少年抑郁障碍患者的冷执行功能特征。

关键词: 抑郁障碍, 冷执行功能, 神经影像学, 事件相关电位, 青少年

Abstract: Depression always onsets in adolescence and early recognition is the basis of early intervention.Studies have found persistent cognitive impairment in many different cognitive domains such as attention and executive functions, including working memory and inhibition.This review mainly focuses on the neuropsychological and neuroimaging advances in inhibition and working memory as well as the cognitive flexibility in adolescent depression, in order to explore the characteristics of cold executive functions in adolescent depression.

Key words: depression, cold executive function, neuroimage, event-related potential, adolescent

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