中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 44-48.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0952

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

母亲孕期膳食营养对儿童肥胖与代谢的影响

万宁钰, 胡嘉晋, 刘洋, 马亚楠, 闻德亮   

  1. 中国医科大学健康科学研究院,辽宁 沈阳 110000
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-21 修回日期:2021-07-19 出版日期:2022-01-10 发布日期:2022-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 闻德亮,E-mail:dlwen@cmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:万宁钰(1996-),女,四川人,在读硕士研究生,主要从事母亲膳食营养对子代肥胖和代谢的研究。

Effects of maternal dietary nutrition during pregnancy on obesity and metabolism in children

WAN Ning-yu, HU Jia-jin, LIU Yang, MA Ya-nan, WEN De-liang   

  1. Institute of Health Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110000, China
  • Received:2021-06-21 Revised:2021-07-19 Online:2022-01-10 Published:2022-02-15
  • Contact: WEN De-liang, E-mail:dlwen@cmu.edu.cn

摘要: 儿童肥胖是一个全球性的公共卫生问题,其发病原因与生命早期暴露及不良环境密切相关。孕期膳食营养影响着胎儿的宫内环境,进而对子代肥胖与代谢疾病的发病产生重要影响。本文对孕期能量摄入水平、各类膳食营养素摄入情况以及孕期膳食模式与儿童肥胖和代谢疾病发病关联的现有研究证据进行综述,总结孕期膳食营养对子代代谢的作用,对孕期合理膳食摄入提出建议,为生命早期防控肥胖及代谢病提供参考。

关键词: 孕期, 能量摄入, 营养素, 膳食模式, 儿童肥胖

Abstract: Childhood obesity is a global public health problem, and its causes are closely related to exposure to adverse environments in early life. Dietary nutrition during pregnancy can affect the intrauterine environment of the fetus, which has an important influence on the morbidity of obesity and metabolic diseases in the offspring. This review focuses on the existing research evidence on the association of the energy intake, various dietary nutrients intake and the dietary patterns during pregnancy with childhood obesity and metabolic diseases, summarizes the effects of dietary nutrition during pregnancy on the metabolism of offspring, and put forward suggestions on rational dietary intake during pregnancy, so as to provide reference for the prevention and control of obesity and metabolic diseases in early life.

Key words: pregnancy, energy intake, nutrient, dietary pattern, child obesity

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