• 临床研究与分析 •

北京市通州区2012-2017年7~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖流行趋势及预测研究

1. 北京市通州区中小学卫生保健所,北京 101100
• 收稿日期:2019-04-22 发布日期:2020-02-10 出版日期:2020-02-10
• 作者简介:张垚(1986-),女,北京人,主治医师,硕士学位,主要研究方向为学校卫生与健康教育研究。

Study on the prevalence and prediction of overweight and obesity among children and adolescent aged 7 to 17 years from 2012 to 2017 in Tongzhou district,Beijing

ZHANG Yao

1. The Health Care for Primary and Secondary School in Tongzhou District,Beijing 101100,China
• Received:2019-04-22 Online:2020-02-10 Published:2020-02-10

Abstract: Objective To analyze the trend of overweight and obesity in children aged 7 to 17 years in Tongzhou district of Beijing during the 2012-2017 school year,in order to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of obesity in primary and secondary schools in this district. Method The physical examination data of students from 2012 to 2017 were used to analyze the trend of overweight and obesity. Results The detection rate of overweight and obesity among students was 14.90%,and 18.00% in 2017 which was higher in boys than that in girls.In 5 years,the two relevance ratios were higher in urban areas than those in rural areas,boys than girls,and the average growth rate of overweight and obesity were higher in rural areas than those in urban areas.The detection rate of overweight in middle and high schools was higher than that in primary schools,and the detection rate of obesity in middle and primary schools was higher than that in high schools.The average growth rate of overweight and obesity in high school was the fastest,1.99% and 5.23% respectively.Using time series analysis,it was predicted that the detection rate of overweight and obesity among students in this district was 14.42% and 14.07% in 2022. Conclusion The detection rate of overweight and obesity among adolescents is on the rise in Tongzhou district,especially in 2016-2017.And the two relevance ratios were significantly higher than those in the past four years.Measures should be taken to reduce the two relevance ratios and control the average growth rate.

Key words: overweight, obesity, children, adolescents

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