中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 600-604.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0061

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

气质对学龄前儿童家长喂养行为与其子女挑食关系的调节作用

王健1, 伍茹星1, 程旭文2, 吴映晖1, 陈如男3, 陈津津4, 朱大乔1   

  1. 1.上海交通大学护理学院,上海 200025;
    2.上海金杨卫生服务中心;
    3.海军军医大学护理系;
    4.上海市儿童医院保健科
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-15 修回日期:2021-02-05 出版日期:2021-06-10 发布日期:2021-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 朱大乔,E-mail:zhudaqiao@aliyun.com
  • 作者简介:王健(1995-),女,江苏人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为社区慢病护理与管理。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(19BSH070)

Moderating effect of children's temperament on the relationships between parental feeding practices and their preschoolers' picky eating

WANG Jian*, WU Ru-xing, CHENG Xu-wen, WU Ying-hui, CHEN Ru-nan, CHEN Jin-jin, ZHU Da-qiao   

  1. *School of Nursing,Shanghai Jiao Tong University,Shanghai 200025,China
  • Received:2021-01-15 Revised:2021-02-05 Online:2021-06-10 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: ZHU Da-qiao,E-mail:zhudaqiao@aliyun.com

摘要: 目的 探讨父母喂养行为对学龄前儿童挑食的影响,检验儿童气质在其中的调节作用。 方法 2020年6月采取方便抽样对上海市浦东新区6所幼儿园442名3~6岁学龄前儿童家长进行问卷调查。调查内容包括家长喂养行为、儿童挑食及儿童气质(生气沮丧、抑制控制)。 结果 父母鼓励健康饮食负向预测儿童挑食(β=-0.270,P<0.001),父母以食物为奖励正向预测儿童挑食(β=0.210,P<0.001);儿童生气沮丧特质分别调节父母鼓励健康饮食(β=0.125,t=2.207,P<0.05)、以食物为奖励(β=0.141,t=3.465,P<0.001)与儿童挑食之间的关系;儿童抑制控制在其中的调节作用不显著。 结论 父母某些喂养行为与儿童挑食关系密切,且这种关系会因儿童气质中的情绪倾向性而有所不同。对于容易生气沮丧的学龄前儿童,家长多采用鼓励健康饮食,少用以食物为奖励的行为,可能有助于减少这类儿童的挑食问题。

关键词: 父母, 喂养行为, 挑食, 儿童气质, 调节作用

Abstract: Objective To explore the relationships between parental feeding practices and children's picky eating,and to test the moderating effects of children's temperament between them. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a convenient sample of 442 parents with their preschool children aged 3—6 years in Pudong New District of Shanghai in June 2020. The questionnaire consisted of the Chinese Preschoolers' Caregivers' Feeding Behavior Scale,Child Feeding Questionnaire,Chinese Preschoolers' Eating Behavior Questionnaire and Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Results Parental encouragement of healthy eating was negatively associated with children's picky eating(β=-0.270,P<0.001),and parental use food as a reward was positively associated with children's picky eating(β=0.210,P<0.001). Children's anger/frustration was found to significantly moderate the relationship between parental encouragement of healthy eating and children's picky eating(β=0.125,t=2.207,P<0.05),as well as the relationship between using food as a reward and children's picky eating(β=0.141,t=3.465,P<0.001). The moderating effect of children's inhibitory control was not statistically significant. Conclusions The relationships between parental feeding practices(encouragement of healthy eating and using food as a reward) and children's picky eating are moderated by children's negative emotion(anger/frustration). Thus,parents should take children's negative emotion into consideration and adopt suitable feeding practices,such as encouragement of healthy eating instead of using food as a reward,so as to reduce the likelihood of children's picky eating.

Key words: parents, feeding practices, picky eating, children's temperament, moderating effect

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