Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 981-985.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1055

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review on the early neurological assessment of high-risk infants

HAN Jia-le*, WANG Jing-gang, CAO Jian-guo   

  1. *Jinzhou Medical University Shenzhen Children's Hospital Graduate Training Base,Shenzhen,Guangdong 518026,China;
    Department of Rehabilitation,Shenzhen Children's Hospital,Shenzhen,Guangdong 518026,China
  • Received:2020-08-05 Revised:2020-11-02 Published:2021-09-07
  • Contact: CAO Jian-guo,E-mail: caojgsz@126.com

高危儿早期神经学评估方法

韩佳乐1,2, 王景刚2, 曹建国2   

  1. 1.锦州医科大学深圳市儿童医院研究生培养基地,广东 深圳 518026;
    2.深圳市儿童医院康复科, 广东 深圳 518026
  • 通讯作者: 曹建国,E-mail:caojgsz@126.com
  • 作者简介:韩佳乐(1993-),女,山西人,住院医师,在读硕士,主要研究方向为高危儿早期识别。

Abstract: With the improvement of neonatal treatment in China,the survival rate of high-risk infants has been significantly increased. Early identification of high-risk infants and early intervention can significantly improve the prognosis.It is very important to select an assessment tool with good reliability and validity. At present,early neurological assessment methods of domestic high-risk infants mainly include General Movements(GMs),Test of Infant Motor Performance(TIMP),Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination(HINE),Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment(NBNA),the 20 items neuromotor assessment from birth to 1 year old,Vojta posture reflex examination,Peabody Developmental Motor Scale(PDMS). Infant Motor Profile(IMP) and Harris Infant Neuromotor Test(HINT) are also used at abroad. In this paper,these neurological assessment tools will be reviewed.

Key words: high-risk infants, early assessment, neuromotor development, assessment tool

摘要: 随着我国新生儿救治水平的提升,高危儿存活率明显提高。早期识别高危儿并进行早期干预,可以明显改善其预后,所以选择信度和效度良好的评估方法非常重要。目前国内常用的高危儿早期神经学检查方法主要有全身运动质量评估(GMs)、婴儿运动能力测试(TIMP)、Hammersmith婴儿神经检查(HINE)、新生儿行为神经测定(NBNA)、0~1岁20项神经运动检查、Vojta姿势反射检查、Peabody运动发育量表(PDMS),在国外婴儿运动发育量表(IMP)、Harris婴儿神经运动测试(HINT)应用亦较多。本文将对这几种神经学评估方法加以综述。

关键词: 高危儿, 早期评估, 神经运动发育, 评估工具

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