Study on effect of family circumstance and upbringing styles on academic performance of pupil
- LEI Xiao-mei, NING Ning, LIU Li, CHEN Li
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Objective To Study on effect of family circumstance and upbringing styles on academic performance of pupil,in order to stimulate Comprehensive child development. Methods By random sampling,841 students of grade 4-6 in two poor counties of the central Shaanxi plain were collected in May 2016.The basic information and test scores of all subjects were investigated by homemade general questionnaire.The upbringing styles was evaluated by Family Upbring Style Questionaire(FUSQ).The correlation was analysed between upbringing styles and FUSQ. Results There were differences in Family style,parents′culture level,parents′ occupation,parental relations and Principal dependant between highe-score group and low-score group(χ2=37.82,31.84,23.71,12.14,13.99,P<0.05 or <0.001).The score differences were existed in award-penalty,democracy-dictatorship,understanding-blame,respect-shame,tolerant-acolasia between highe-score group and low-score group(U=1.699,3.352,3.424,2.821,3.036,P<0.05 or <0.001),and the higher scores in highe-score group than in low-score group,and maintain negative upbringing styles in students of low-score group.The academic performances of highe-score students were positively related to understanding-blame,respect-shame,award-penalty and tolerant-acolasia(r=0.645,0.345,0.404,0.357,P<0.05).The academic performances of low-score students were negatively related to respect-shame,understanding-blame,democracy-dictatorship and tolerant-acolasia(r=-0.112,-0.184,-0.131,-0.169,P<0.05). Conclusions Family circumstance and upbringing styles effect on academic performance of pupil.Good environment for growth and positive upbringing styles should be created in order to improve non-intellectual ability and academic performance of pupil.