journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (9): 967-970.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-0436

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Analysis of the relationship between family environment and mental health of middle school students based on Kessler 10 Scale

CHEN Yun1,2, WANG Dan1,2, HOU Ya-nan1,2, REN Meng-fei1,2, LI Hai-yan1,2, ZHENG Wen-gui1,2   

  1. 1 Public Health and Management School of Weifang Medical University,Weifang,Shandong 261053,China;
    2 The"Healthy Shandong''Major Social Risk Forecasting and Management Collaborative Innovation Center,Weifang,Shandong 261053,China
  • Received:2019-04-03 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-09-10
  • Contact: ZHENG Wen-gui,

基于 Kessler10 量表的中学生家庭环境与心理健康关系分析

陈芸1,2, 王丹1,2, 侯雅楠1,2, 任梦飞1,2, 李海燕1,2 , 郑文贵1,2   

  1. 1 潍坊医学院公共卫生与管理学院,山东 潍坊 261053;
    2 “健康山东”重大社会风险预测与治理协同创新中心,山东 潍坊 261053
  • 通讯作者: 郑文贵,
  • 作者简介:陈芸(1995-),女,山东人,在读硕士,主要从事卫生政策研究。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To learn about the mental health status of middle school students,and to explore the relationship between family environment and mental health of middle school students,so as to provide basis for mental health education of middle school students. Methods A self-designed questionnaire and Kessler 10 (K10) Scale were used to conduct the survey from March to May 2018.The data were analyzed by t/F test and binary Logistic regression. Results Totally 3 250 students from 12 middle schools were surveyed,and the detection rate of mental health problems was 21.89%,without significant difference between boys and girls(χ2=1.365,P=0.714).Single factor and multifactor analysis indicated that the tenth grade,the eleventh grade and the twelfth grade (OR=2.301,1.435,2.046),rural area (OR=1.318),father's occupation was business or service industry(OR=1.900)poor family income (OR=1.318),never communicating with mothers (OR=3.653) and fathers (OR=2.230) were risk factors for mental health problems of students(P<0.05). Conclusions The mental health status of middle school students is affected by the family objective environmental factors.In addition to paying attention to the mental health of middle school students,it is supposed to give corresponding advice according to the different family characteristics.

Key words: mental health, family environment, middle school students

摘要: 目的 了解中学生心理健康状况,探讨家庭客观环境与中学生心理健康的关系,为中学生心理健康教育提供依据。方法 2018年3-5月采用自制基本情况量表和Kessler10(K10)量表对研究对象进行调查,运用t/F检验、二分类Logistic回归对资料进行统计描述及分析。结果 本研究共调查潍坊市12所中学的3 250名中学生,心理问题检出率为21.89%,不同性别间差异无统计学意义(χ2=1.365,P=0.714);单因素和多因素分析结果显示,高一、高二、高三年级(OR=2.301、1.435、2.046)、农村(OR=1.318)、父亲职业为商业或服务业(OR=1.900)、家庭收入状况差(OR=2.171)、从不与母亲交流(OR=3.653)、从不与父亲交流(OR=2.230)均是影响中学生健康状况的危险因素(P<0.05)。结论 中学生心理健康状况受家庭客观环境影响,在关注中学生心理健康的基础上,应针对不同家庭对子女的教育提供相应的建议。

关键词: 心理健康, 家庭环境, 中学生

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