journal1 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 1350-1353.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-0911

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Analysis on obesity and related chronic diseases among primary and secondary school    students in Pudong New Area of Shanghai

SHEN Li-na1,2, BAI Pin-qing1, FU Ling-fei1, CHEN Bo2, HU Hui1, SHEN Hui-ping1   

  1. 1 Pudong New Area Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Pudong Institute of Preventive Medicine of Fudan University,Shanghai 200136,China;
    2 School of Public Health,Fudan University,Shanghai 200032,China
  • Received:2018-06-12 Online:2018-12-10 Published:2018-12-10
  • Contact: SHEN Hui-ping,


沈丽娜1,2, 柏品清1, 傅灵菲1, 陈波2, 胡卉1, 沈惠平1   

  1. 1 上海市浦东新区疾病预防控制中心,复旦大学浦东预防医学研究院,上海 200136;
    2 复旦大学公共卫生学院,上海 200032
  • 通讯作者: 沈惠平,。
  • 作者简介:沈丽娜(1988-),女,上海人,医师,本科学历,研究方向为营养与食品卫生。

Abstract: Objective To investigate the obesity status and related chronic diseases among primary and secondary school students in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, in order to provide reference for the development of relevant prevention strategies. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to selected the primary and secondary school students from September to November 2015.Totally 609 students filled out questionnaires, took physical examination and got biological sample collected. Results The overall overweight rate of students in Pudong New Area was 13.96% and the obesity rate was 11.28%.Meanwhile, the obesity rate of boys was significantly higher than that of girls.The overall detection rates of hypertension, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes mellitus (DM) were 21.84%, 0.66% and 0.16%, respectively.The average fasting blood glucose (FBG) was (5.0±0.5) mmol/L.The overall detection rate of dyslipidemia was 5.25%, and the abnormal rates of total cholesterol (TC), total triglyceride(TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were 3.12%,2.46%,0.16% and 2.63%, respectively. Conclusions Nutrition-related chronic diseases such as overweight and obesity, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia are prevalent among primary and secondary school students in Pudong New Area.More attention should be paid to and effective health interventions are necessary.

Key words: obesity, obesity-related chronic diseases, students

摘要: 目的 了解浦东新区中小学生肥胖及相关慢性病现状,为制定相关防治策略提供参考依据。方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样法,2015年9-11月对浦东新区609名中小学开展询问调查、体格检查及生物样品采集。结果 浦东新区学龄儿童总体超重率为13.96%,肥胖率为11.28%,男生肥胖率明显高于女生(P<0.05);总体高血压检出率为21.84%;总体空腹血糖受损检出率为0.66%,糖尿病检出率为0.16%,空腹血糖的平均值为(5.0±0.5)mmol/L;总体血脂异常检出率5.25%,其中总胆固醇、总甘油三酯、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇异常率分别为3.12%、2.46%、0.16%、2.63%。结论 浦东新区中小学生超重肥胖、高血压、糖尿病、血脂异常等营养相关慢性病的患病率较高,须引起重视,采取切实有效的健康干预措施。

关键词: 肥胖, 肥胖相关慢性病, 学生

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