journal1 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (8): 841-844.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0229

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Effect of the Abecedarian approach on intelligence and physical development of infants

CAO Hui, YAN Shuang-qin, CAI Zhi-ling, LI Ling, GU Chun-li, TANG Tian, ZHONG Yuan, WANG Su-mei   

  1. Maternal and Child Health Care Center of Maanshan, Maanshan, Anhui 243000, China
  • Received:2020-02-23 Revised:2020-04-07 Online:2020-08-10 Published:2020-08-10
  • Contact: YAN Shuang-qin,


曹慧, 严双琴, 蔡智玲, 李玲, 顾春丽, 唐甜, 钟源, 汪素美   

  1. 马鞍山市妇幼保健院儿童保健科, 安徽 马鞍山 243000
  • 通讯作者: 严双琴,
  • 作者简介:曹慧(1986-), 女, 主治医师, 硕士学位, 主要从事妇幼保健工作
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To explore the effect of the Abecedarian (ABCD) approach on intelligence and physical development of infants, in order to provide scientific reference for facilitating the early development of children. Methods A total of 61 infants who was born from June 2017 to February 2019, took the first 42 days of physical examination in Maanshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, and voluntarily participate in ABCD training, were enrolled as intervention group.And 61 infants at the same period were as control group.All infants were followed up to 9 months old.Data of body weight, length and head circumference were collected, and intellectual development was assessed using developmental screening test(DST) for child under six.Child health care management checklist was used to collect data on social demography and infant information.Chi-square, t-test and linear regression were used to analyze data. Results The scores of development quotient (DQ) and mental index (MI) in the intervention group were 99.25±12.13 and 102.98±10.10, respectively, which were 6.45 in DQ and 5.78 in MI significantly higher than the control group(t=3.100, 3.174, P<0.05).Linear regression analysis showed that the intervention was a determinant of infant intelligence development (DQ:B=0.263, 95%CI:1.96—10.51, P<0.05;MI: B=0.243, 95%CI:1.37—8.73, P<0.05).However, there was no significant difference on body weight, length and head circumference between the two groups at 9 months old (t=0.382, -0.254, -1.873, P>0.05). Conclusion Infant health care integrated with the abecedarian approach (ABCD) has a positive role in promoting the development of intelligence, which is suitable for further promotion and application.

Key words: early childhood development, infant, Abecedarian approach, education

摘要: 目的 分析ABCD快乐育儿法对婴儿智能和体格发育的影响, 为促进儿童早期发展提供科学依据。方法 选取2017年6月-2019年2月出生的婴儿, 在马鞍山市妇幼保健院儿童保健门诊进行42 d体检时, 自愿参加ABCD快乐育儿法指导的婴儿61例作为干预组, 另选取同期出生并在本院进行保健的61例作为对照组。随访至9月龄, 测量两组婴儿的体重、身长、头围, 并采用“0~6岁儿童智能筛查测验量表(DST)”评估婴儿的智能发育水平。通过《安徽省马鞍山市儿童保健管理健康检查表》获取社会人口统计学和儿童信息。使用χ2检验、t检验、线性回归模型进行分析。结果 干预组在发育商(DQ)和智力指数(MI)的得分分别为99.25±12.13和102.98±10.10, 比对照组平均高6.45分和5.78分, 差异有统计学意义(t=3.100、3.174, P<0.05), 且线性回归分析显示, ABCD快乐育儿法的早期教育理念是婴儿智能发育水平的独立影响因素(DQ:B=0.263, 95%CI:1.96~10.51, P<0.05;MI:B=0.243, 95%CI:1.37~8.73, P<0.05)。但两组婴儿在9个月时体重、身长、头围比较, 差异无统计学意义(t=0.382、-0.254和-1.873, P>0.05)。结论 婴幼儿保健融合ABCD快乐育儿法的早期教育理念对智能发展具有积极的促进作用, 该方法适于进一步的推广和应用。

关键词: 儿童早期发展, 婴儿, ABCD快乐育儿法, 教育

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