中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1097-1100.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1831

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

学龄前儿童运动与睡眠质量的关联研究

刘美燕1, 郭倩雯1, 吴丹1, 汪秀莲1, 梁滔2, 孙凡凡1, 兰红艳1, 陈津津1   

  1. 1 上海交通大学附属儿童医院/上海市儿童医院儿童保健科,上海 200062;
    2 遵义市正安县人民医院/儿科,贵州 遵义 563400
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-02 修回日期:2020-04-01 出版日期:2020-10-10 发布日期:2020-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 陈津津,E-mail:jjvoo@163.com
  • 作者简介:刘美燕(1994-),女,湖南人,医师,学士学位,主要研究方向为儿童早期运动与发展。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81670810);上海申康医院发展中心常见疾病适宜技术研发与推广应用项目(16CR4016A);上海市科学技术委员会医学引导类项目(14411965200、18411967700);上海申康医院发展中心临床科技创新项目(SHDC12015305);上海市教育委员会高峰高原学科建设计划(20161432);上海市儿童健康服务能力建设专项规划高端儿科海外研修团队培养计划(GDEK201710);交大医学院儿科硕士研究生临床科研能力提升计划(EKKY2018006DGD);上海市教育委员会本级财政项目(2019幼1-4);上海交通大学“交大之星”计划医工交叉研究基金项目(YG2019ZDB01)

Study on the association between exercise and sleep quality in preschool children

LIU Mei-yan1, GUO Qian-wen1, WU Dan1, WANG Xiu-lian1, LIANG Tao2, SUN Fan-fan1, LAN Hong-yan1, CHEN Jin-jin1   

  1. 1 Department of Child Health Care,Children′s Hospital of Shanghai,Shanghai Jiao Tong University,Shanghai 200062,China;
    2 Department of Pediatrics,People′s Hospital of Zheng′an,Zunyi,Guizhou 563400,China
  • Received:2019-12-02 Revised:2020-04-01 Online:2020-10-10 Published:2020-10-10
  • Contact: CHEN Jin-jin,E-mail: jjvoo@163.com

摘要: 目的 分析学龄前儿童运动与睡眠质量的关系,探讨影响学龄前儿童睡眠质量的生命早期因素。方法 2018年3-6月以上海市登记注册的4所幼儿园833名3~6岁学龄前儿童为研究对象,对750名有效样本运动及睡眠状况进行分析。采用多因素非条件Logistic回归模型分析运动时间和运动项目与学龄前儿童睡眠质量的关系。结果 学龄前儿童学习日、休息日运动时间较少比例分别占72.7%(545/750)、27.2%(204/750),参与散步者占73.5%(551/750)。睡眠质量好、中等、差分别占23.9%(179/750)、65.2%(489/750)、10.9%(82/750),调整是否独立睡眠、睡前是否接接触电子产品、是否定时睡觉起床、学习日运动时间、运动项目参与率等因素的相互影响后,学习日运动时间较少(OR=0.430,95%CI:0.205~0.904,P=0.026)、未参与散步(OR=0.399,95%CI:0.175~0.908,P=0.028)与学龄前儿童睡眠质量差成正向关联。结论 学习日运动时间较少与学龄前儿童睡眠质量差的发生有关。

关键词: 学龄前儿童, 运动, 睡眠质量, 相关性

Abstract: Objective To analyze the relationship between exercise and sleep quality of preschoolers,and to explore the early life factors affecting sleep quality of preschoolers. Methods A total of 833 preschoolers aged 3-6 years in 4 kindergartens registered in Shanghai were selected as participants from March to June 2018,and 750 valid samples were analyzed.Multivariate non-conditional Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between exercise time,items and sleep quality of preschool children. Results The proportion of less time for exercise on school day and rest day for preschool children was 72.7% (545/750) and 27.2% (204/750),respectively.And the walking participation rate was 73.5% (551/750).Children with good,moderate and poor sleep quality accounted for 23.9% (179/750),65.2% (489/750) and 10.9% (82/750),respectively.After adjusting some interacting factors,it was found that less exercise time on study days (OR=0.430,95%CI:0.205-0.904,P=0.026) and non-participation in walking (OR=0.399,95% CI:0.175-0.908,P=0.028) were positively related to preschool children′s poor sleep quality. Conclusion Less exercise time on study day is associated with poor sleep quality in preschool children.

Key words: preschool children, exercise, sleep quality, correlation

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