中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 623-626.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0350

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

孤独症谱系障碍应用行为分析干预的研究进展

代真真, 姜志梅, 朱俊丽   

  1. 佳木斯大学附属第三医院发育与行为儿科,黑龙江 佳木斯 154003
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-04 修回日期:2020-07-07 出版日期:2021-06-10 发布日期:2021-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 姜志梅,E-mail:mynard93@163.com
  • 作者简介:代真真(1992-),女,河南人,研究生在读,主要研究方向为儿童脑发育及行为障碍。
  • 基金资助:
    佳木斯大学科技创新团队项目(cxtd-2013-02);佳木斯大学博士专项科研基金启动项目(JMSUZB2018-03);佳木斯大学优秀学科团队项目(JDXKTD-2019006)

Research progress on applied behavioral analysis intervention in autism spectrum disorders

DAI Zhen-zhen, JIANG Zhi-mei, ZHU Jun-li   

  1. Department of Child Development and Behavior,the Third Affiliated Hospital ofJiamusi University,Jiamusi,Heilongjiang 154003,China
  • Received:2020-04-04 Revised:2020-07-07 Online:2021-06-10 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: JIANG Zhi-mei,E-mail:mynard93@163.com

摘要: 孤独症谱系障碍(ASD)是在儿童发育早期出现的一种神经发育性障碍。临床主要表现为社交障碍、刻板行为及兴趣狭窄,共同限制和损害了儿童的日常生活功能。近年来ASD的干预措施越来越多,应用行为分析(ABA)是目前唯一经美国卫生局认可的治疗ASD的方法,其有效性已经被证实,现已广泛应用于ASD儿童的治疗。本文将主要从应用行为分析的基本理论、作用及与其它干预方法的效果比较进行综述。

关键词: 应用行为分析, 孤独症谱系障碍, 儿童

Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder found in early childhood,mainly characterized by social disorder,stereotyped behaviors and restricted interests,all of which limit and impair children's daily life functions.In recent years,there are more and more kinds of interventions for ASD,and applied behavior analysis (ABA) is currently the only form of treatment for ASD endorsed by the US Surgeon General.Its effectiveness has been proven and it is now widely used in the treatment of ASD children.This paper reviews the basic theory,function and effect of ABA compared with other intervention methods.

Key words: applied behavior analysis, autism spectrum disorder, children

中图分类号: