中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 389-392.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1276

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

成人游戏力与3~8岁儿童脑功能发展的关系

党佳佳, 马宁, 宋逸   

  1. 北京大学公共卫生学院,北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所,北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-05 修回日期:2020-11-06 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 宋逸,E-mail:songyi@bjmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:党佳佳(1996-),女,河南人,硕士研究生在读,主要研究方向为儿童青少年发展与健康。
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(19YJA890022)

Relationship between playful parenting and brain function development in children aged 3 to 8 years

DANG Jia-jia, MA Ning, SONG Yi   

  1. Institute of Child and Adolescent Health,School of Public Health,Peking University,Beijing 100191,China
  • Received:2020-07-05 Revised:2020-11-06 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: SONG Yi,E-mail:songyi@bjmu.edu.cn

摘要: 3~8岁是儿童脑功能发育的重要时期,该阶段儿童大脑及其功能具有较强可塑性,而早期经验的剥夺会导致中枢神经系统发育停滞,甚至萎缩并构成永久性损害。儿童早期经验的获得大部分来自游戏,而游戏的开展离不开成年人的参与,越来越多的研究揭示了游戏力对脑功能的重要作用。本文旨在综述成人游戏力对儿童脑功能发育,如在感觉和动作、注意力和意识、学习和记忆中的作用。本综述还简述了游戏类型对脑功能的影响及现有的挑战,以期从父母、教师等成人参与游戏的角度来促进儿童脑功能健康发展。

关键词: 游戏力, 脑功能, 成人, 儿童

Abstract: It is an important period for brain development during the childhood of ages 3 to 8 years when the brain function has strong plasticity. The deprivation of early experience often leads to the developmental retardation of the central nervous system,or even atrophy and permanent damage. Most of children's early experiences are acquired through play,which cannot be carried out without the participation of adults. More and more studies have revealed the important role of playing parenting on brain function. This review aims to summarize the role of playing parenting on children's brain function development,such as sensation and movement,attention and awareness,learning and memory. What's more,this review also briefly discusses the effects of play types on brain function and existing challenges,with the aim of promoting healthy brain function in children from the perspective of parents,teachers,and other adults involved in play.

Key words: playful parenting, brain function, adult, children

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