中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 879-883.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-1142

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新生儿营养与儿童早期发展

刘俐1, 魏思萌1, 姜忒2   

  1. 1.西安交通大学第一附属医院新生儿科,陕西 西安 710061;
    2.西北妇女儿童医院新生儿科
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-27 修回日期:2021-09-22 发布日期:2022-08-17 出版日期:2022-08-10
  • 作者简介:刘俐(1962-),女,四川人,主任医师,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为新生儿脑损伤、新生儿营养及早产儿相关问题。

Neonatal nutrition and early childhood development

LIU Li*, WEI Si-meng, JIANG Te   

  1. *Department of Neonatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061,China
  • Received:2021-07-27 Revised:2021-09-22 Online:2022-08-10 Published:2022-08-17
  • Contact: LIU Li, E-mail:liuli918@163.com

摘要: 儿童早期发展是从受精卵到8岁儿童体格、心理和社会能力的生长和发育,其发展过程受到遗传、环境等多方面影响。其中,新生儿的优质营养是儿童早期发展的重要物质基础,新生儿期的母乳喂养、新生儿疾病的筛查、早产儿和低出生体重儿的合理喂养都是促进儿童早期发展的关键之一。本文将从新生儿营养的角度,全面总结其对儿童早期发展的作用,为更好地优化母婴营养,促进儿童早期发展提供新的方向与参考。

关键词: 营养, 早期发展, 新生儿

Abstract: Early childhood development refers to the growth and development of the physical, psychological and social ability of the fetus to the preschool children, which is affected by the genetic environment and other aspects. Quality nutrition of newborns is an important material basis for the early development of children. Breastfeeding in neonatal period, neonatal diseases screening, and proper feeding of premature and low birth weight infants are all key factors in promoting early child development. This review will comprehensively summarize its role in the early development of children from the perspective of neonatal nutrition, so as to provide a new orientation and reference for better optimizing maternal and infant nutrition and promoting the early childhood development.

Key words: nutrition, early childhood development, neonates

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