中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1009-1012.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2019-1413

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

抽动障碍相关共患病及治疗

柯钟灵, 陈燕惠   

  1. 福建医科大学附属协和医院儿科,福建 福州 350001
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-08 出版日期:2020-09-10 发布日期:2020-09-10
  • 通讯作者: 陈燕惠,E-mail:yanhui_0655@126.com
  • 作者简介:柯钟灵(1987-),女,福建人,主治医师,主要研究方向为小儿神经与发育行为。
  • 基金资助:
    福建省教育厅中青年教师科研项目(JT180171)

Review on the mechanism and treatment strategies of comorbidities related to tic disorder

KE Zhong-ling, CHEN Yan-hui   

  1. Department of Pediatrics,Fujian Medical University Union Hospital,Fuzhou,Fujian 350001,China
  • Received:2019-11-08 Online:2020-09-10 Published:2020-09-10
  • Contact: CHEN Yan-hui,E-mail:yanhui_0655@126.com

摘要: 抽动障碍(TD)是一种起病于儿童时期,以抽动症状为主要表现的神经发育性疾病。其临床表现多样,可伴多种共患病,共患病增加疾病的复杂性和严重性,影响患儿学习、社会适应能力、个性及心理品质的健康发展,给治疗和管理增添诸多困难。目前对于TD共患病的机制尚不明确,治疗策略亦有争议,本文旨在综述近几年国内外文献中对于TD共患病机制及治疗策略的研究,以期提高临床医生对TD相关共患病的认识。

关键词: 抽动障碍, 共患病, 神经发育性疾病

Abstract: Tic disorder is a kind of neurodevelopmental disorder which starts in childhood and mainly presents as tic symptoms.Its clinical manifestations are diverse and can be accompanied by a variety of comorbidities.Comorbidities increase the complexity and severity of disease,affect the healthy development of children′s learning,social adaptability,personality and psychological quality,and cause many difficulties in treatment.At present,the mechanism of tic disorder comorbidity is not clear,and the treatment strategy is controversial.This paper aims to review the research on comorbidity mechanism and treatment strategy of tic disorder in recent years,so as to improve clinicians′ understanding of comorbidity related to tic disorder.

Key words: tic disorder, comorbidity, neurodevelopmental disorder

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