中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 357-361.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0921

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

儿童频繁夜间遗尿症与出生窒息的相关性研究

沈佳瑶1, 郑翔宇1, 金星明1,2, 马骏1   

  1. 1.上海交通大学医学院附属上海儿童医学中心,上海 200127;
    2.上海浦滨儿童医院
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-15 修回日期:2020-11-12 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 马骏,E-mail:majun@shsmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:沈佳瑶(1994-),女,江苏人,在读硕士,主要研究方向为发育行为儿科学。
  • 基金资助:
    上海市2018年度医学引导类(中、西医)科研支撑项目(18411960200);上海市浦东新区科技发展基金(PKJ2017-Y06);上海市公共卫生体系建设三年行动计划(2011-2013)(11PH1951202)。

Correlation between frequent nocturnal enuresis and birth asphyxia in children

SHEN Jia-yao*, ZHENG Xiang-yu, JIN Xing-ming, MA Jun   

  1. *Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200127,China
  • Received:2020-05-15 Revised:2020-11-12 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: MA Jun, E-mail:majun@shsmu.edu.cn

摘要: 目的 分析频繁夜间遗尿症与出生窒息的关系,为频繁夜间遗尿症的病因研究提供实证依据。方法 于2014年6月-2015年6月按照分层整群随机抽样方法在上海市区3个区(静安、徐汇和杨浦)和郊区4个区(闵行、浦东、奉贤和崇明)选取62 290名5~12岁儿童为研究对象。采用多因素Logistic回归分析频繁夜间遗尿症与出生窒息的关系。 结果 上海市5~12岁儿童频繁夜间遗尿症的发病率为0.5%(327/62 290)。单因素Logistic回归分析显示频繁夜间遗尿症与出生窒息显著相关(OR=4.127,95%CI:2.994~5.690),多因素Logistic回归分析显示存在出生窒息的儿童仍具有患频繁夜间遗尿症的高风险(OR=3.001,95%CI:2.054~4.385,P<0.001),此外,还得出两者的相关性在男童中(OR=3.518,95%CI:2.275~5.438,P<0.001)比女童(OR=2.293,95%CI:1.041~5.051,P=0.039)更显著。结论 频繁夜间遗尿症与出生窒息显著相关,并且此相关性在男童中更高,提示出生窒息为频繁夜间遗尿的高危因素之一。

关键词: 频繁夜间遗尿症, 出生窒息, 儿童

Abstract: Objective To explore the correlation between frequent nocturnal enuresis and birth asphyxia, in order to provide empirical evidence for clinical analysis of the etiology of frequent nocturnal enuresis. Methods A total of 62 290 children aged 5-12 years were selected in this study in Shanghai from June 2014 to June 2015 by a stratified cluster random sampling method. The correlation between frequent nocturnal enuresis and birth asphyxia was analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression. Results The incidence of frequent nocturnal enuresis in children aged 5-12 years was 0.5%(327/62 290). Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that frequent nocturnal enuresis was significantly correlated with birth asphyxia (OR=4.127,95%CI:2.994-5.690,P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that children with birth asphyxia still had a high risk of developing frequent nocturnal enuresis (OR=3.001,95%CI=2.054—4.385,P<0.001). In addition, the correlation between frequent nocturnal enuresis and birth asphyxia was closer in boys (OR=3.518, 95%CI:2.275—5.438,P<0.001) than that in girls (OR=2.293, 95%CI:1.041—5.051,P=0.039). Conclusion Frequent nocturnal enuresis is significantly associated with birth asphyxia, and the correlation is more closer in boys, indicating that birth asphyxia is a high risk factor for frequent nocturnal enuresis.

Key words: frequent nocturnal enuresis, birth asphyxia, children

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