journal1 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 386-388.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-26-04-10

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Research progress on characteristics and clinical intervention and theory of mind for children with autism spectrum disorder

ZHANG Ting, SHAO Zhi   

  1. The Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing,Chongqing Children with Autism Rehabilitation Center,Chongqing 400700,China
  • Received:2017-09-28 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Contact: SHAO Zhi,


张婷, 邵智   

  1. 重庆市第九人民医院 重庆市孤独症康复中心,重庆 400700;
  • 通讯作者: 邵智,
  • 作者简介:张婷(1982-),女,四川人,博士学位,主要研究方向为儿童心理发展。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: The delayed development or deficiency of theory of mind of autism children is an important reason of their social impairment,which causes autism children lack adequate social skills,including inability to properly communicate with persons in family,and difficulty in blending in school and community.Intervention of the theory of mind can promote the development of social ability of children with autism.The contents of existing training generally include the following items:the intervention of false belief understanding,the intervention followed the developmental order of theory of mind in typical children,the intervention combining theory of mind intervention with social skills.Based on existing studies,further intervention training should focus on the generalization of the intervention of theory of mind and different levels of autistm children to set up different intervention plans.

Key words: autism spectrum disorder, theory of mind, intervention

摘要: 心理理论发展的缺损或滞后是导致孤独症谱系障碍(ASD)患儿社交障碍的重要原因之一,这使得ASD患儿缺乏恰当的社会交往技能,无法正常地与人交流,更难以融入家庭、学校、社区等。通过ASD患儿的心理理论能力进行干预训练可以促进他们的社会交往能力的发展。现有的干预训练内容大致包括以下几项:对错误信念理解的干预训练,以正常儿童心理理论发展顺序为参照的多心理理论成分训练,将心理理论能力与社会交往能力相结合的干预训练。已有研究分析,对未来的干预训练更应注重心理理论技能干预的泛化和针对不同层次的ASD儿童设置差异化的干预方案。

关键词: 孤独症谱系障碍, 心理理论能力, 临床干预

CLC Number: