journal1 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (8): 823-826.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-26-08-04

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Status and influencing factors of infants feeding in poor rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province

YANG Ji-you,YUE Ai   

  1. Center for Experimental Economics in Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi′an,Shaanxi 710119,China
  • Received:2017-12-21 Online:2018-08-10 Published:2018-08-10


杨吉酉, 岳爱   

  1. 陕西师范大学教育实验经济研究所,陕西 西安 710119
  • 作者简介:杨吉酉(1993-),男,安徽人,硕士学位,主要研究方向为农村教育与儿童早期发展。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To understand the status of food feeding and risk factors for infants in poor rural areas, in order to provide reference for improving family feeding behavior in poor rural areas. Methods Based on the basic personal information, family basic information and feeding behaviors information collected in poor rural areas in 1 354 infants aged 18~24 months. Descriptive analysis and multi-variate OLS regression analysis were used to analyze data. Results 1) The ratio of food and feed supplement trace elements can not meet minimum requirements of the WHO standard diet diversity, minimum food frequency standard, minimum acceptable standard diet ratio were 18.09%, 37.81% and 66.17%, respectively.The ratio of never adding trace elements (iron) was as high as 73.26% after birth.2) Only child, mother as the guardian, maternal education level, and unavailability for minimum living allowances were positively correlated with the nutrient elements supplement behavior. Conclusion Feeding knowledge is supposed to be strengthened in order to improve the feeding behavior of infants in rural areas, and ultimately to promote children′s health and cognitive development.

Key words: feeding, poorrural areas, infants, risk factors

摘要: 目的 了解贫困农村地区婴幼儿食物喂养现状及其风险因素,为改善贫困农村地区家庭喂养行为提供参考。方法 基于2014年在陕南贫困农村地区收集的1 354例18~24月龄婴幼儿的个人基本信息、家庭基本信息和食物喂养行为信息,运用描述性分析和多因素OLS回归分析方法分析。结果 1)食物喂养行为不能满足WHO要求的最小饮食多样性标准和最小进食频率标准、最小可接受饮食标准的比例分别为18.09%、37.81%和66.17%,出生后从未补充营养元素铁的比例高达73.26%;2)独生子女,监护人为母亲,母亲教育程度,非低保户与营养元素补充行为有显著的正向关系。结论 应加强喂养知识的宣传力度,改善农村地区婴幼儿家庭的喂养行为,以促进儿童健康和认知发展。

关键词: 喂养, 贫困农村, 婴幼儿, 风险因素

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