journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 317-319.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-0768

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Investigation on the comprehension and expression of early language in infants in Jü county,Rizhao city

WANG Yong-juan,WANG Chao-xia,MA Xian-sheng   

  1. Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics,People's Hospital of Jü County,Rizhao,Shandong 276500,China
  • Received:2018-06-07 Revised:2018-09-28 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-20



  1. 青大医疗集团莒县人民医院,山东 日照 276500
  • 作者简介:汪永娟(1983-),女,山东人,主治医师,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为儿童保健。

Abstract: Objective To study language comprehension and expression of infants in Jücounty,Rizhao city, in order to provide scientific basis for early intervention Methods Totally 208 infants aged 8-16 months were randomly selected into this study from January to December 2017,and their parents were investigated by Chinese Communicative Development Inventory(CCDI) to report infants' language abilities. The section one of CCDI-Words and Gestures was studied,which includes first signs of understanding(involve three sentences),phrases,starting to talk(imitating and labeling),vocabulary understanding and expression. Results Most 8-month-old infants showed response to phrases like “their name,papa/mama,do not xx” before they starting to speaking. Infants aged 8 months could understand 12 phrases on average,and 26 phrases at 16 months old. Imitating speech ability developed one month earlier than the ability to name the objects. The ability to name the objects of girls developed two months earlier than boys. Conclusions 8 to 16 months is a period of rapid language development time for infants to understand language. Infants aged 8 months start to show response to language,and infants can comprehend quite a few short sentences at 16 months old. The expression ability of girls develops two months earlier than boys.

Key words: infants, language development, language comprehension, language expression

摘要: 目的 了解日照市莒县婴儿语言理解与表达的发展规律,为早期干预提供科学依据。方法 2017年1-12月随机抽取日照市莒县208名8~16月龄婴幼儿,使用《中文早期语言与沟通发展量表》(CCDI),采用父母报告形式对其早期对语言的反应进行研究。研究内容包括:初期对语言的反应、听短句、开始说话的方式及词汇理解与表达四部分。结果 绝大部分8个月婴儿在开始讲话之前即对“自己的名字”、“爸爸”、“妈妈”、“别xx/不许xx”等词语有反应。8个月婴儿平均能听懂12个短句,16个月时能听懂26个短句。婴幼儿“模仿语音”比“一看到东西就喜欢叫出它的名字”要早1个月,女婴“一看到东西就喜欢叫出它的名字”及词汇表达情况较男婴超前2个月。结论 8~16个月是婴幼儿语言理解的快速发展期,8个月婴幼儿已经开始对语言产生反应,16个月时已经可以听懂相当数量的短句及词汇,女婴语言表达能力较男婴超前2个月。

关键词: 婴儿, 语言发展, 语言理解, 语言表达

CLC Number: