中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 1305-1308.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-0756

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同出生胎龄对婴幼儿神经行为能力影响的研究

崔娓1,2, 戴霄天1, 林森然1,2, 古桂雄2, 花静1   

  1. 1 同济大学附属第一妇婴保健院,上海 201204;
    2 苏州大学附属儿童医院,江苏 苏州 215000
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-24 修回日期:2020-07-16 出版日期:2020-12-10 发布日期:2020-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 花静,E-mail:szhuaj@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介:崔娓(1986-),女,江苏人,硕士学位,主要研究方向为儿童保健。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金委员会面上项目(81673179);上海市申康医院发展中心适宜技术联合开发推广应用项目(SHDC12016239);上海市科学技术委员会课题(18140903100,19140903100)

Study of the effect of gestational age on neurobehavioral ability of infants

CUI Wei1,2, DAI Xiao-tian1, LIN Sen-ran1,2, GU Gui-xiong2, HUA Jing1   

  1. 1 Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 201204, China;
    2 Children′s Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215000,China
  • Received:2020-04-24 Revised:2020-07-16 Online:2020-12-10 Published:2020-12-10
  • Contact: HUA Jing, E-mail: szhuaj@hotmail.com

摘要: 目的 探索不同出生胎龄对婴幼儿运动、认知等神经行为能力的影响,为二孩政策后儿童保健服务模式的调整提供线索。方法 通过方便抽样的方法,采用贝莉Ⅲ筛查量表对上海某区医院2017年1-4月体检的婴幼儿(2 646例)进行调查。结果 高龄母亲和非高龄母亲组分娩儿童的大运动、精细运动和认知能力差异均有统计学意义(t=2.94、2.80、2.68,P<0.05);通过多因素Logistic分析,调整母亲分娩年龄、性别、出生体重和不同胎龄因素,结果显示早产儿大运动落后风险是足月儿的1.960倍(OR=1.960,95%CI:1.264~3.037),早期儿精细运动落后风险是足月儿的1.192倍(OR=1.192,95%CI:1.006~1.412)。结论 与足月儿相比,早产儿发生大运动落后风险增加,早期儿发生精细运动落后风险增加。

关键词: 胎龄, 运动能力, 认知能力

Abstract: Objective To explore the influence of different gestational ages on infants′ motor and cognitive neurobehavioral abilities, in order to provide clues for the adjustment of child health care service model after the two-child policy. Methods A total of 2 646 infants and young children who underwent physical examinations in a district hospital in Shanghai from January to April 2017 were investigated by a convenience sampling method using the Bayley Ⅲ Screening Scale. Results There were significant differences in gross motor, fine motor and cognitive development between children born to women with advanced age and younger women(t=2.94, 2.80, 2.68, P<0.05).After adjusted for maternal age, gender, birth weight and gestational age, Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of gross motor development retardation in preterm infants was 1.960 times higher than that in full-term infants(OR=1.960, 95%CI:1.264-3.037).The risk of fine motor in early term infants were 1.192 times higher than that in full-berm infants(OR=1.192, 95%CI:1.006-1.412). Conclusion Compared with full term infants, preterm infants have an increased risk of gross motor retardation, and early term infants have an increased risk of fine motor retardation.

Key words: gestational age, motor ability, cognitive development

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