中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 397-400.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2020-1257

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无创神经脑刺激在儿童心理障碍治疗中的应用

白海萍1, 袁媛2   

  1. 1.河海大学公共管理学院,江苏 南京 211100;
    2.南京特殊教育师范学院康复科学学院
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-02 修回日期:2020-10-09 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 作者简介:白海萍(1994-),女,山东人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为发展心理学。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31500870);中国博士后面上基金(2017M621603);国家留学基金(201706715037);中央高校基本科研业务费项目(2017B14514)

Application of noninvasive brain stimulation in children with psychological disorders treatment

BAI Hai-ping*, YUAN Yuan   

  1. *School of Public Administration,Hehai University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211100, China
  • Received:2020-09-02 Revised:2020-10-09 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-27

摘要: 无创神经脑刺激治疗儿童心理障碍是当下较为先进的物理治疗手段。本文着重介绍了无创神经脑刺激的两种代表技术-经颅磁刺激与经颅直流电刺激的工作原理,两者分别在儿童抑郁症、注意缺陷多动障碍与孤独症谱系障碍中的治疗应用,以及对无创神经脑刺激在儿童心理障碍治疗中存在的问题与未来的发展,其中人工智能的引用是其发展很具潜力的方向。

关键词: 经颅磁刺激, 经颅直流电刺激, 儿童抑郁症, 注意缺陷多动障碍, 孤独症谱系障碍

Abstract: With regard to the psychological disorders of adolescents, noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) technique is one of the most advanced physical therapy, and its clinical effects have attracted much attention in the recent years. The NIBS techniques consist of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Therefore, this article mainly focuses on the working principles of the two techniques and their therapeutic application in major depressive disorder in youth, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), respectively. Furthermore, the article emphasizes that NIBS technique has potential in the treatment of children's psychological disorders, and the artificial intelligence is critical to its development.

Key words: transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, major depressive disorder in youth, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder

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