中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 594-598.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-1495

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

3~6岁儿童基本运动能力评估量表中国常模研究

何彦璐1, 杨志勇1, 刘丰1, 董文红2, 匡晓妮3, 张雪娇4, 王念蓉5, 骆艳6, 杨琳7, 王晓娟8, 吴建新9, 张霆9, 朱宗涵10, 王健11, 关宏岩8,9, 童梅玲1   

  1. 1.南京医科大学附属妇产医院儿童保健科,江苏 南京 210004;
    2.浙江大学医学院附属儿童医院国家儿童健康与疾病临床医学研究中心;
    3.长沙市妇幼保健院;
    4.沈阳市妇幼保健院;
    5.重庆市妇幼保健院;
    6.贵阳市妇幼保健院;
    7.西安交通大学第二附属医院;
    8.首都儿科研究所婴幼儿照护服务研究指导中心;
    9.首都儿科研究所儿童发育营养组学北京市重点实验室;
    10.全国妇幼健康研究会儿童早期发展专委会;
    11.浙江大学教育学院体育学系
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-30 修回日期:2022-02-21 出版日期:2022-06-10 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 通讯作者: 童梅玲,E-mailmeilingtong111@126.com
  • 作者简介:何彦璐(1987-),女,江苏人,主管康复治疗师,主要研究方向为儿童运动与康复。关宏岩, E-mailhongyanguan@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    2019年度国家卫健委妇幼司儿童健康科研相关课题(2019);北京市属医学科研院所公益发展改革试点项目(京医研2019-11)

Chinese norm of General Physical Activity Scale for children aged 3 to 6

HE Yan-lu*, YANG Zhi-yong, LIU Feng, DONG Wen-hong, KUANG Xiao-ni, ZHANG Xue-jiao, WANG Nian-rong, LUO Yan,YANG Lin, WANG Xiao-juan, WU Jian-xin, ZHANG Ting, ZHU Zong-han, WANG Jian, GUAN Hong-yan, TONG Mei-ling   

  1. *Department of Child Health Care, Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210004, China
  • Received:2021-09-30 Revised:2022-02-21 Online:2022-06-10 Published:2022-06-28
  • Contact: TONG Mei-ling, E-mail:meilingtong111@126.com; GUAN Hong-yan,E-mail:hongyanguan@126.com

摘要: 目的 建立3~6岁儿童基本运动能力评估量表的中国常模,探讨其常模界值,为临床运用提供一项实用的评估工具。方法 2020年8月—2021年5月,采取分层整群抽样的方法,使用3~6岁儿童基本运动能力评估量表获得全国六大行政区8个城市3~6岁儿童1 616例,统计分析量表全部6个维度的常模得分和界值点。结果 量表各维度得分比较,差异具有统计学意义(F=10.96~117.77,P<0.001)。量表总分ROC曲线下面积为0.937,95%CI为0.916~0.957。最大约登指数(YI)=0.74,其对应的量表总分在常模中位于第17百分位(P17),常模的灵敏度为0.871,特异度为0.864。当分别以P15(76)P20(80)为界值点时,YI分别为0.69和0.72,灵敏度和特异度皆>0.8。结论 本研究常模样本具有良好的代表性,制定的界值点适当,对评估3~6岁儿童基本运动能力具有很好的临床运用价值,可推广运用。

关键词: 基本运动能力, 量表, 常模, 儿童

Abstract: Objective To establish Chinese norm of General Physical Activity Scale for children aged 3 to 6, and to explore its cut-off score for the norm, thus to provide a practical tool for clinical application.Methods From August 2020 to May 2021, a stratified cluster sampling approach was utilized to recruit 1 616 children aged 3 to 6 years from eight cities in six major administrative regions of China. The norm distribution and scores were analyzed, and its cut-off score was discussed.Results The scores of each dimension was significantly different among eight cities(F=10.964 - 117.766, P<0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the total score of the scale is 0.937(95%CI:0.916 - 0.957). The maximum Yuden Index(YI) was 0.74, and the corresponding total score was in the 17th percentile(P17) in the norm, with the sensitivity of 0.871 and specificity of 0.864. When P15 (76)and P20(80)were taken as the threshold point, the corresponding YI was 0.69 and 0.72, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity were both above 0.8.Conclusions The norm sample of this study is representative, and the cut-off score is appropriate, which can be popularized and applied in clinic practice.

Key words: general physical activity, scale, norm, children

中图分类号: