journal1 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (9): 1028-1031.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2018-26-09-26

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Analysis of current status and influencing factors for growth and development of 0 to 1-year-old infants of Gelao nationality

LU Wei-qun,ZHAO Lie   

  1. The School of Public Administration,Guizhou University,Guiyang,Guizhou 550025,China
  • Received:2017-10-10 Online:2018-09-10 Published:2018-09-10
  • Contact: ZHAO Lie,



  1. 贵州大学公共管理学院,贵州 贵阳 550025
  • 通讯作者: 赵列,
  • 作者简介:陆卫群(1960-),女,贵州人,教授,博士学位,研究方向为生殖健康、性别与社会。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To analyze the current status and influencing factors for growth and development of 0 to 1-year-old infants of Gelao nationality,and to provide scientific reference for promoting the healthy growth and development of infants. Methods A total of 306 Gelao infants and their mothers from 7 minority villages of Wuchuan County were enrolled in this study from1st November, 2012 to 1st November,2013,and took physical examination and follow up for one year. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results The postpartum breastfeeding rate within 24 hours was 92.4%,the breastfeeding rate declined to 27.5% when infants was 6 months old. The average weight and length of Gelao boys were higher than those of girls,while the mean head circumference of boys was lower than that of girl infants at 6 months old (P<0.05).The weight of 3-month-old infants was lower than that of WHO standards (P<0.05).The average score of mothers'knowledge on maternal and child health care was 4.1±1.36. The incidence of severe growth retardation and low birth weight showed some differences in female infants and male infants at each age group (P<0.05). The incidence of severe growth retardation in male infants aged 3~8 months was higher than that in female infants. But there were no significant differences on the incidence of moderate to severe low head circumference and waist circumstance between male and female infants (all P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that growth and development of Gelao infants were influenced by gender,household annual income,fathers'education background,mothers'maternal and child health knowledge and food supplement (P<0.05). Conclusions There is still a gap on the growth and development between Gelao and WHO standards. And appropriate feedback should be given to improve healthy growth and development of infants.

Key words: Gelao nationality, infants, growth and development, influencing factors, Logistic regression analysis

摘要: 目的 分析贵州省数个仡佬族村寨0~1岁新生儿的生长发育水平及影响因素,为仡佬族婴儿健康生长提供科学参考。方法 选取贵州省务川县7个乡镇的少数民族村寨进行调查,对2012年11月1日-2013年11月1日出生的306名仡佬族婴儿及其产妇进行为期1年的体格检查和随访,运用SPSS 22.0软件进行统计分析。结果 务川县产后24 h内的母乳喂养率为92.4%,到6月龄时下降为27.5%;仡佬族男婴体重、身长指标均值高于女婴,而6月龄起男婴头围均值低于女婴(P<0.05);3月龄后婴儿体重、身长值均低于WHO标准(P<0.05),产妇的妇幼保健知识平均得分为(4.10±1.36)分;各月龄组男女婴儿中重度低体重和生长迟缓的发生率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),其中3~8月龄男婴中重度生长迟缓的发生率高于女婴,而男女婴儿中重度低头围和胸围的发生率差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);经Logistic回归分析,发现婴儿的生长发育状况受其性别、家庭年收入、父亲教育程度、母亲妇幼知识得分及辅食添加的影响(P<0.05)。结论 仡佬族婴儿生长发育状况与WHO标准存在一定差异,应及时提出相应的干预意见,改善该群体的生长发育状况。

关键词: 仡佬族, 婴儿, 生长发育, 影响因素, Logistic回归分析

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