Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 946-950.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-0339

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Emotion regulation strategies and family function in non-suicidal self-injury adolescents

ZHAO Tian-xin*, ZHONG Yi-juan, WEI Ying-juan, SU Yan-li, DANG Yun-hao, WU Xian-liang   

  1. *Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine,Xianyang,Shaanxi 712046,China
  • Received:2021-03-07 Revised:2021-04-20 Online:2021-09-10 Published:2021-09-07
  • Contact: WU Xian-liang,


赵天新1, 钟意娟2, 魏莹娟3, 苏艳丽2, 党云皓2, 吴限亮2   

  1. 1.陕西中医药大学,陕西 咸阳 712046;
  • 通讯作者: 吴限亮,
  • 作者简介:赵天新(1995-),女,河南人,硕士学位,主要研究方向为危机干预与青少年心理健康。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To explore the feature of emotion regulation strategies and family function in adolescents who suffered from non-suicidal self-injury(NSSI),in order to provide reference for the prevention and intervention of NSSI. Methods A total of 7 869 middle school students from Xi'an and Baoji in Shaanxi Province were selected into this study in January 2021, and were asked to fill in the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales(FACES),Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(ERQ),Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ(BDI-Ⅱ)and self-developed general information questionnaire to screen adolescents with NSSI.The emotion regulation strategies and family function of adolescents with NSSI were investigated. Results The adolescents who have reported NSSI tended to use the expressive suppression strategy with lower family adaptability and cohesion(χ2=176.637,194.786,202.284,t=9.620,P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that male,high cognitive reappraisal score and high family closeness were protective factors for NSSI(OR=0.55,0.65,0.98),while high expressive suppression score and depression were risk factors for NSSI(OR=1.27,1.08,P<0.05). Conclusions NSSI among adolescents is closely related to emotional regulation strategies and family functions.Adolescents and their parents may benefit from psychological interventions focused on emotional regulation strategies and family functions.

Key words: non-suicidal self-injury, emotion regulation strategies, family function, expressive suppression, cognitive reappraisal, depression, teenagers

摘要: 目的 研究非自杀性自伤(NSSI)青少年的情绪调节策略和家庭功能特征,为NSSI的预防及干预提供参考。方法 采用家庭亲密度和适应性量表(FACES)、情绪调节策略量表(ERQ)、贝克抑郁量表第2版(BDI-2)以及自制的一般情况调查表,于2021年1月以分层抽样的方法对陕西省西安市和宝鸡市12 所中学的7 869名中学生进行调查,筛选存在非自杀性自伤行为的中学生,并对其情绪调节策略和家庭功能进行研究。结果 具有非自杀性自伤行为的中学生家庭的亲密度和适应性更低(χ2=176.637、194.786、202.284,P<0.05),更倾向于采用表达抑制的情绪调节策略(t=9.620,P<0.05)。Logistic 回归分析显示,男性、认知重评得分高和家庭亲密度高是非自杀性自伤的保护因素(OR=0.55、0.65、0.98),表达抑制的情绪调节策略和抑郁得分高是非自杀性自伤的危险因素(OR=1.27、1.08,P<0.05)。结论 青少年非自杀性自伤与情绪调节策略和家庭功能密切相关,对此制定有针对性的心理干预措施有可能让更多的患者和家庭受益。

关键词: 非自杀性自杀, 情绪调节策略, 家庭功能, 表达抑制, 认知重评, 抑郁, 青少年

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