journal1 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (12): 1267-1270.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2014-22-12-11

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Child neglect and its influencing factors in one-child families.

ZHU Qing-qing1,HUA Jing1,GU Gui-xiong2.   

  1. 1 Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital,Tongji University School of Medicine,Shanghai 200032,China;
    2 Pediatrics Research Institution of Suzhou University,Suzhou,Jiangsu 215003,China
  • Received:2014-04-12 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2014-12-10
  • Contact: GU Gui-xiong,



  1. 1 同济大学附属第一妇婴保健院妇幼保健部,上海 200032;
    2 苏州大学儿科医学研究所,江苏 苏州 213001
  • 通讯作者: 古桂雄,
  • 作者简介::朱庆庆(1979-),女,医师,硕士学位,研究方向为儿童保健。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To estimate the prevalence of child neglect in one-child families in China and examine its risk factors so as to provide the basis for its prevention and intervention. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 2 044 children aged 7~10 years and their parents recruited from 4 primary schools of Suzhou City,China.Neglect and its subtypes were investigated by Evaluation Questionnaire of Child Neglect of Urban Children Aged 3~6 Years in China this validated indigenous measurement scale reported by parents.Child,parental and family characteristics were obtained by questionnaires and review of social security records.Logistic regression analises were performed to estimate the association between risk factors and types of child neglect while controlling for covariates. Results Supervision neglect was the most prevalent type of neglect (20.3%),followed by emotional (15.2%),physical (11.1%),medical (7.7%),general (6.1%) and educational neglect (6.0%).The adjusted odds ratio showed that children's gender were associated with physical neglect(OR=0.71,P<0.05).Children's physical health status(OR=1.43),cognitive impairment (OR=1.96)and parental education(OR=0.70,0.71) were associated with emotional neglect (all P <0.05).Children's physical health status(OR=1.68),maternal age (OR=7.33),employment(OR=1.94) and education(OR=0.49)were associated with educational neglect (all P<0.05).Mother's health problem were associated with supervision neglect (OR=1.57).Maternal education(OR=0.44) and family income (OR=1.55)were associated with medical neglect (all P<0.05). Conclusions Child neglects are prevalent in one-child families from eastern Unban China.The risk factors appeared to be different from those found in some western societies.This indicates the prevention and intervention of child neglect in well-developed unban in China is very urgent.

Key words: child neglect, influencing factors, one-child families

摘要: 目的 探索独生子女家庭儿童忽视的发生率及其影响因素,为儿童忽视的预防和干预提供依据。方法 苏州市4所小学2 044名7~10岁儿童纳入本研究,儿童忽视亚型通过“中国城市3~6岁儿童忽视问卷”进行评估。儿童、父母和家庭特征通过问卷进行调查,应用Logistic回归模型分析儿童忽视的其影响因素。结果 安全忽视的发生率最高(20.25%),其次是为情感忽视(15.22%),身体忽视(11.11%)和医疗忽视(7.68%),而教育忽视则是发生率最少的亚型(5.97%)。根据调整OR值结果,儿童性别与身体忽视相关(OR=0.71,P<0.05);而儿童健康问题(OR=1.43) 、认知缺陷(OR=1.96)以及父母文化程度(OR分别为0.70,0.71)与儿童情感忽视存在关联(P均<0.05);儿童健康问题(OR=1.68)、母亲年龄(OR=7.33)、在职情况(OR=1.94) 和受教育情况(OR=0.49)与教育忽视相关(P均<0.05);母亲自身健康问题与安全忽视相关(OR=1.57);而母亲学历(OR=0.44)和家庭收入(OR=1.55)可能对医疗忽视存在影响(P均<0.05)。结论 儿童忽视在国内东部城市地区独生子女家庭中发生率仍较高,其影响因素与欧美国家的研究结果存在差异,提示在国内较为发达的城市地区亟待进行儿童忽视的预防和干预。

关键词: 儿童忽视, 影响因素, 独生子女家庭

CLC Number: