Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 1280-1285.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2023-1195

• Professional Forum • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Early identification and treatment of emotion-related mental disorders in children and adolescents

JIN Yu   

  1. Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China
  • Received:2023-10-25 Revised:2023-11-17 Online:2023-12-10 Published:2023-12-04



  1. 中山大学公共卫生学院妇幼卫生系,广东 广州 510080
  • 作者简介:金宇(1971-),女,医学博士,副教授,主要研究方向为儿童青少年心理卫生。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: It has been found that children and adolescents are highly susceptible to emotion-related mental disorders such as anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, bipolar and related disorder. If left untreated, it may severely impact the normal functioning of individuals, family and society, indicating the importance of early detection and interventionin preventing and treatingchildren and adolescents who are at high risk for emotion-related mental disorders. This article reviews different types and risk factors of emotion-related mental disorders in biological, family and school contexts, and identifies effective early detection methods and intervention strategies for children and adolescents with emotion-related mental disorders.Further implications and recommendations for early detection and intervention are also discussed.

Key words: emotion-related mental disorders, children and adolescents, early detection, early intervention

摘要: 近年来,焦虑症、抑郁症、双相及相关障碍等情绪相关精神障碍的患病率在儿童青少年群体中逐渐增高,若不及时干预,可能会对个人、家庭以及社会造成严重影响。因此,早期识别与干预治疗对儿童青少年情绪相关精神障碍的预防和缓解至关重要。本文通过回顾梳理以往相关文献,对儿童青少年情绪相关精神障碍的类型以及其生理与遗传、家庭与学校环境等影响因素进行了概述,总结早期识别儿童青少年情绪相关精神障碍的方法及治疗策略,为今后制定更加科学高效的识别与干预方案提供依据。

关键词: 情绪相关精神障碍, 儿童青少年, 早期识别, 干预治疗

CLC Number: