Chinese Journal of Child Health Care ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 1277-1279.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2023-1196

• Professional Forum •     Next Articles

Early identification and treatment on childhood anxiety disorders

ZHANG Jinsong   

  1. Department of Medical Psychology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2023-11-14 Revised:2023-11-16 Online:2023-12-10 Published:2023-12-04



  1. 上海交通大学医学院附属新华医院临床心理科,上海 200092
  • 作者简介:张劲松(1966-),女,北京人,主任医师,博士学位,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为儿童心理发展和精神病学。

Abstract: Anxiety disorders are prevalent in children, and early identification and treatment are crucial to minimize their impact on children's development. There are several subtypes of anxiety disorders, and the symptoms in children are diverse and atypical, often manifesting as behavioral and physical responses. Raising awareness of early identification can be achieved by reinforcing correct understanding, enhancing foresight, focusing on high-risk children, and maintaining sensitivity. This article provides a brief overview of common manifestations for identifying anxiety symptoms, the process of early identification and diagnosis of anxiety disorders, and a treatment plan for childhood anxiety disorders that integrates preventive intervention and comprehensive treatment.

Key words: anxiety disorders, early identification, physical symptoms, behavioral disorder

摘要: 儿童焦虑障碍发生率较高,早期识别和积极治疗是降低焦虑障碍损害儿童发展的关键。焦虑障碍包含多种亚型,儿童的焦虑症状具有多样性和不典型性,常呈现为行为和躯体的表现。强化正确认识、提高预见性、关注高风险儿童和保持敏锐性可提高早期识别的意识。本文简要介绍了识别焦虑症状的常见表现以及早期识别和诊断焦虑障碍的过程,治疗计划采取预防性干预和综合性治疗相结合的模式。

关键词: 焦虑障碍, 早期识别, 躯体症状, 行为紊乱

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