中国儿童保健杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 130-134.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2021-1684

• 科研论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市4区婴幼儿体成分检测及超重肥胖影响因素研究

黄艺文1*, 闫银坤1*, 于晓冉1, 程红2, 闫琦3, 万乃君4, 李丽华5, 任霞6, 谢向晖2, 米杰1   

  1. 1.国家儿童医学中心,首都医科大学附属北京儿童医院,儿童慢病管理中心,北京 100045;
    2.首都儿科研究所,流行病学研究室;
    3.北京市海淀区妇幼保健院;
    4.北京积水潭医院;
    5.首都医科大学附属北京潞河医院;
    6.北京市石景山区妇幼保健院
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-11 修回日期:2021-11-24 出版日期:2022-02-10 发布日期:2022-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 米杰,E-mail:jiemi12@vip.sina.com
  • 作者简介:*共同第一作者。黄艺文(1993-),山东人,博士研究生在读,主要研究方向为儿少卫生与妇幼保健;闫银坤(1985-),河南人,博士学位,主要研究方向为心血管代谢疾病的生命周期流行病学。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81973110、82073572);北京市属医学科研院所公益发展改革试点项目(京医研2019-11)

Prevalence and influencing factors of overweight and obesity among infants in four districts of Beijing

HUANG Yi-wen*, YAN Yin-kun*, YU Xiao-ran, CHENG Hong, YAN Qi, WAN Nai-jun, LI Li-hua, REN Xia, XIE Xiang-hui, MI Jie   

  1. *Center for Non-communicable Disease Management, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children′s Health, Beijing 100045, China
  • Received:2021-11-11 Revised:2021-11-24 Online:2022-02-10 Published:2022-02-25
  • Contact: MI Jie, E-mail: jiemi12@vip.sina.com

摘要: 目的 了解北京市婴幼儿超重肥胖流行现状,结合体成分检测结果,探究影响婴幼儿身体成分的影响因素。方法 2021年1-4月于北京市海淀区、昌平区、石景山区及通州区4区开展多中心现况调查,招募单胎且无明显畸形和遗传代谢病的0~2岁婴幼儿作为研究对象。调查内容包括问卷调查(婴幼儿一般人口学特征、母亲孕期及分娩情况和婴幼儿出生情况等)和体格检查(身长、体重和身体成分测量)。选取电子问卷调查和体成分检测数据均完整的样本,最终共纳入896名研究对象。结果 以身长别体重Z值(WHZ)诊断的北京市4区男童和女童超重/肥胖检出率分别为9.65%和4.42%;但是,以体成分检测诊断的男童和女童超重/肥胖检出率高达21.46%和7.67%。母亲孕前超重肥胖(男童:β=0.222,95%CI:0.021~0.423;女童:β=0.237,95%CI:0.048~0.426)、婴幼儿出生时为大于胎龄儿(男童:β=0.212,95%CI:0.014~0.411)及出生身长(男童:β=0.037,95%CI:0.012~0.063;女童:β=0.027,95%CI:0.001~0.054)与体脂质量指数(FMI)呈正相关(P<0.05)。结论 北京市4区婴幼儿的超重肥胖现状不容乐观,体成分检测可降低肥胖的漏诊和误诊,应在生命早期采取有效的干预措施进行预防和控制。

关键词: 超重, 肥胖, 身体成分, 婴幼儿

Abstract: Objective To describe the current prevalence of overweight and obesity among infants in Beijing, and to explore the influencing factors of overweight and obesity based on body composition analysis. Methods A multicenter cross-sectional survey was conducted in Haidian district, Changping district, Shijingshan district and Tongzhou district of Beijing from January to April 2021.Single fetus infants aged 0 to 2 years and without obvious malformations and genetic metabolic diseases were selected, and completed questionnaire survey (infant general demographic characteristics, maternal pregnancy and delivery, infant birth, etc.) and physical examination (infant length, weight and body composition measurement).Finally 896 infants with complete data of questionnaire survey and physical examination were enrolled in this study. Results The prevalence of overweight/obesity diagnosed by weight for height Z score (WHZ) in four districts of Beijing was 9.65% in boys and 4.42% in girls, whereas the prevalence of overweight/obesity diagnosed by body composition analysis was as high as 21.46% and 7.67% in boys and girls, respectively.Fat mass index (FMI) was significantly higher in infants whose mothers were overweight and obese before pregnancy (boys: β=0.222, 95%CI: 0.021 - 0.423; girls: β=0.237, 95% CI: 0.048-0.426) and infants who had larger for gestational age (boys:β=0.212, 95% CI: 0.014 - 0.411) and larger birth length (boys: β=0.037, 95%CI: 0.012 - 0.063; girls: β=0.027, 95% CI: 0.001 - 0.054,P<0.05). Conclusions The prevalence of overweight and obesity in infants in the four districts of Beijing is not optimistic, and the measurements of body composition can reduce the rates of missed diagnosis and inaccurate diagnosis of infant obesity.Therefore, effective intervention measurement should be taken to prevent and control overweight and obesity in the early stage of life.

Key words: overweight, obesity, body composition, infants

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