journal1 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (11): 1195-1197.DOI: 10.11852/zgetbjzz2014-22-11-23

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Analysis of the rural preschool children's dietary behavior problems in Shandong province

WEI Xuan,YANG Ping,XU Ling-zhong,GAI Ruo-yan,YUAN Yun,ZHAO Xiu-xiu   

  1. School of Public Health,Shandong University,Jinan,Shandong 250012,China
  • Received:2014-02-17 Online:2014-11-10 Published:2014-11-10
  • Contact: YANG Ping,



  1. 山东大学社会医学与卫生事业管理研究所,山东 济南 250012
  • 通讯作者: 杨平,
  • 作者简介:魏萱(1990),女,山东人,硕士在读,主要研究方向为社会医学。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: Objective To explore the rural preschool children's dietary behavior problems and its influence factors in Shandong province.Method The sample was randomly chosen by cluster based sampling method.The data were collected by using self made health survey questionnaire,and statistically analyzed with software of SPSS 16.0. Results The dietary behavior problems prevalence rates in Shandong province:playing while eating (69.25%),eating snacks (57.96%),eating need to coax (51.16%),picky about food (47.07%),anorexia (40.00%),skipping breakfast (22.45%),eating before sleep(16.19%).The children whose parents accepted diet nutrition lecture or voluntary diagnoses and didn't give them health products ate less snacks.The only child,the children's parents didn't pay attention to diet collocation higher family income led to more anorexic.The more expense of raising children,the only child was more likely to pick about food and play while eating.The higher family income was,the more children didn't eat breakfast.The children whose parents accepted diet nutrition lecture or voluntary diagnoses were less likely to eat before sleeping.The only child and younger children with higher family income were more likely to need coax while eating.Conclusions The rural preschool children's dietary behavior problems are serious.Appropriate intervention measures should be taken according to different age and types of dietary behavior problems.

Key words: preschool children, dietary behavior, prevalence survey

摘要: 目的 了解山东省农村学龄前儿童饮食行为问题现状及影响因素,为进一步干预提供科学依据。方法 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法获取样本,利用自制调查问卷获取数据信息,并用SPSS 16.0软件进行统计分析。结果 山东省农村学龄前儿童各项饮食行为问题检出率依次为:边吃边玩(69.25%)、吃零食(57.96%)、吃饭需要哄(51.16%)、偏食挑食(47.07%)、厌食(40.00%)、不吃早餐(22.45%)、睡前半小时吃东西(16.19%)。家长接受饮食营养讲座义诊、不吃保健品的儿童吃零食越少。家庭年纯收入越高、家长不注重饮食搭配,独生子女厌食的越多。养育儿童总支出越高、独生子女偏食挑食和边吃边玩的越多。家庭年纯收入越高,儿童不吃早餐的越多。家长接受过饮食讲座或义诊,儿童睡前吃东西的越少。独生子女、家庭年纯收入越高、儿童年龄越小吃饭越需要哄。结论 山东省农村学龄前儿童饮食行为问题较严重,应针对不同类型、年龄阶段的饮食问题采取相应的干预措施。

关键词: 学龄前儿童, 饮食行为, 现况调查

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